The incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) are increasing in children and adolescents as a result of the worldwide pediatric obesity epidemic. It is important to distinguish type 1 diabetes mellitus, which is more common in children, from T2D because clinical phenotypes may overlap at presentation, but clinical course and treatment options differ considerably. Thus, it is crucial to diagnose this disease early and to choose appropriate treatment. In addition, prevention of T2D by directly addressing and preventing or ameliorating excess weight gain in young people is of great importance in primary care.

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The pediatric obesity pandemic of the past few decades has been accompanied by an increase in the incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in childhood, with a disproportionate disease burden in children of minority ethnic groups and low socioeconomic status (SES). (...

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