Helminth infections are considered neglected diseases of poverty, more prevalent in developing countries. However, these parasitic infections continue to be transmitted in areas of the United States, which is why all health-care providers need to recognize, diagnose, manage, and prevent endemic helminth infections to avoid adverse consequences on cognitive and growth development in children.

After completing this article, readers should be able to:

  1. Recognize the most common helminth infections encountered in clinical practice.

  2. Understand the distribution of helminth infections based on their prevalence according to geographic distribution in the United States and globally.

  3. Describe the specific clinical manifestations caused by soil-transmitted helminths, Toxocara species, and other helminthiases of clinical significance.

  4. Identify community-based approaches for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of helminthic infections.

Helminths (derived from the Greek Helmins, which means worms) (1) are large, multicellular parasites that can infect humans and have severe health repercussions. Helminth infections...

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