Clinicians may be unaware of the most recent advances in our understanding of inflammatory bowel diseases and how this informs the diagnostic evaluation and approach to treatment. Furthermore, they need to understand how advances in precision medicine affect the care of all immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.

After completing this article, readers should be able to:

  1. Understand how we currently view the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

  2. Appreciate the common and uncommon symptoms related to IBD.

  3. Understand the importance of specific aspects of a child’s history related to IBD.

  4. Understand the importance of specific physical findings as they relate to IBD.

  5. Understand the evaluation steps that help with the diagnosis and management of IBD.

  6. Be able to guide patients regarding recent therapeutic advances in IBD.

  7. Understand the roles of the members of a multidisciplinary treatment team.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has historically been the term applied to Crohn disease (CD) and...

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