Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

Red Book Online Outbreaks: Measles – 2019 Outbreaks

August 19, 2021

Updated 11/24/2021

Pediatricians are advised to monitor multiple outbreaks of measles across several U.S. states.



  • Infants and children aged less than 5 years, adults aged more than 20 years, pregnant women, and people with compromised immune systems, such as from cancer, chemotherapy, or HIV infection, are at high risk for severe illness and complications from measles.
  • Measles can cause serious illness requiring hospitalization, even in previously healthy children.
  • Consider measles in patients with fever and rash and ask about recent international travel, exposure to international travelers, or exposure to people with measles
  • Airborne precautions are needed whenever there is any suspicion of measles exposure. Promptly isolate, collect specimens, and report patients with suspected measles.
  • During an outbreak, MMR vaccine should be offered to all people exposed or in the outbreak setting who lack evidence of measles immunity. During a community-wide outbreak that affects infants, MMR vaccine has been shown to be effective in preventing symptoms after exposure and may be recommended for infants 6 through 11 months of age.
  • Involvement of state and local health departments is often advisable for any diagnosis of measles, as there may be specific ways these departments wish to receive specimens and manage patients.




(NOTE: Additional resources from other sources linked to above may require access or subscription.)

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal