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Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-APP_VI
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... disease syndromes have been categorized by incubation period, predominant symptoms (other symptoms also occur), causative agent, and foods commonly associated with specific etiologic agents (food vehicles) (see Table 1 ; also www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/outbreaks/investigating-outbreaks...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_003_003
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... HAIs in patients in acute care hospitals are associated with substantial morbidity. Important infections include central line-associated bloodstream infections, central nervous system shunt infections, surgical site infections, urinary catheter-associated urinary tract infections, ventilator...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_010
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... associated with recreational water—particularly in treated recreational water venues (eg, swimming pools)—has increased significantly. 65 Therefore, preventing recreational water–associated illness (RWI) and promoting healthy swimming is becoming increasingly important for children and adults...
Resources
Published: January 2022
..., MD, FAAP  Chairperson, AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases  Professor, Departments of Pediatrics and of Health Research and Policy; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases; and Senior Associate Dean of Faculty Development, Stanford University School of Medicine  Joelle Simpson, MD, MPH, FAAP...)
Resources
Published: January 2022
... disease caused by  N. meningitidis  serogroup Y (NmY) isolates containing a  bla ROB-1  β-lactamase gene conferring penicillin resistance, but which did not have mutations associated with ciprofloxacin-resistance. These cases represent a substantial increase in penicillin-resistant and ciprofloxacin...)
Resources
Published: January 2022
..., if they have any of these severe symptoms: Diarrhea and a fever higher than 102°F (though E. coli O157:H7 diarrhea is often not associated with fever) Diarrhea for more than 3 days that is not improving Bloody diarrhea (diarrhea due to E. coli O157:H7 may be non-bloody initially) Not tolerating...)
Resources
Published: January 2022
..., but the cumulative hospitalization rate is higher than the rate for the entire 2020-21 season. So far this season, CDC has reported three influenza-associated pediatric deaths. For more information on influenza trends in the U.S. visit: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/index.htm As of December 25, 2021, the CDC...)
TOPICS: Influenza
Resources
Published: January 2022
... in Children (MIS-C) Interim Guidance: Clinical guidance for pediatricians including signs, symptoms, diagnosis and management of this rare but serious complication associated with COVID-19 in children. Precautions: Airborne, droplet, and contact precautions are recommended for patients...)
Resources
Published: August 2021
... Early-Onset Bacterial Sepsis Management of Neonates Born at ≥35 0/7 Weeks’ Gestation With Suspected or Proven Early-Onset Bacterial Sepsis 2017 Infectious Diseases Associated With Organized Sports and Outbreak Control Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Congenital...)
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_108
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... transplant recipients, and interstitial nephritis and ureteral stenosis in renal transplant recipients. The primary symptom of BKV-associated hemorrhagic cystitis among immunocompromised children is painful hematuria; blood clots in the urine and secondary obstructive nephropathy also can occur. BKV...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S1_002
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... Associations  American Academy of Pediatrics www.aap.org/en-us  American Academy of Family Physicians www.aafp.org  American Medical Association www.ama-assn.org  American College Health Association www.acha.org  American College of Nurse Midwives www.midwife.org...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_020
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
..., child care centers). High rates of HBoV subclinical infections have been documented, complicating etiologic association with disease. The role of HBoV as a pathogen in human infection is further confounded by simultaneous detection of other viral pathogens in patients in whom HBoV is identified...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S5_003
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... References The Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease of the American Heart Association periodically issues detailed recommendations on the rationale, indications, and antimicrobial regimens for prevention of bacterial endocarditis for people at increased risk...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-APP_V
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...6 References Foodborne diseases are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in people of all ages. In 2017, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported 841 foodborne outbreaks, resulting in roughly 15 000 illnesses, 800 hospitalizations, 20 deaths, and 14 food...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_128
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... , hordeola, omphalitis, sinusitis, orbital cellulitis/abscess, peritonsillar abscesses (Quinsy) , parotitis, lymphadenitis , and wound infections. Bacteremia can be associated with focal complications including osteomyelitis ; septic arthritis; endocarditis ; pneumonia ; pleural empyema ; septic...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S4_007_001
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... Amphotericin B is a fungicidal agent that is effective against a broad array of fungal species. Amphotericin B, especially the “conventional” deoxycholate formulation, is associated with multiple adverse reactions, particularly acute and chronic renal toxicity, so its use is limited in certain...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_002
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... . Some adenovirus types are associated primarily with respiratory tract disease (types 1–5, 7, 14, and 21), epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (types 8, 19, and 37), or gastroenteritis (types 40 and 41). Infection in children can occur at any age. Adenoviruses causing respiratory tract infections usually...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_044
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... illness. At least 5 pathotypes of diarrhea-producing E coli strains have been identified. Clinical features of disease caused by each pathotype are summarized as follows (see Table 3.7 ): Shiga toxin-producing E coli (STEC) organisms are associated with diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_064
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... disease. In contrast to HHV-6B, primary infection with HHV-6A has not been associated with any recognized disease. The clinical manifestations occurring with human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) infection are less clear than with HHV-6B. Most primary infections with HHV-7 presumably are asymptomatic or mild...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_132
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations Etiology Epidemiology Diagnostic Tests Treatment Isolation of the Hospitalized Patient Control Measures References Non–Group A or B Streptococcal and Enterococcal Infections Images Streptococci other than Lancefield groups A or B can be associated with invasive...