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Resources
Published: August 2022
...Overview There is a large, ongoing outbreak of serogroup C meningococcal disease in Florida, primarily among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men, including those living with HIV. This outbreak is mostly affecting people who live in Florida but has also affected some people who...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... frequently, infected people can experience anosmia (loss of smell) or ageusia (loss of taste); these occur more commonly in adolescents than in younger children. Conjunctivitis and rashes also have been reported. Children generally have mild disease or may be asymptomatic, although severe and even fatal...)
Resources
Published: August 2021
...Quick links to numerous pediatric infectious disease resources and special features.   AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases Policy Collection 2021 Antibiotic Stewardship in Pediatrics Recommended Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule: United States, 2021...)
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_137
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...) and 2 years (niclosamide). Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis208 The larval forms of these tapeworms cause human echinococcosis. Echinococcus granulosus causes the disease cystic...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_149
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations The acute phase of Trypanosoma cruzi infection (Chagas disease) lasts 2 to 3 months, followed by the chronic phase that, in the absence of successful antiparasitic treatment, is lifelong. The acute phase commonly is asymptomatic or characterized by mild...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-APP_V
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... Foodborne diseases are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in people of all ages. In 2017, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported 841 foodborne outbreaks, resulting in roughly 15 000 illnesses, 800 hospitalizations, 20 deaths, and 14 food product recalls...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_016
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations Cat scratch disease, the predominant clinical manifestation of Bartonella henselae infection, presents in 85 to 90% of children as a localized cutaneous and regional lymphadenopathy disorder. A skin papule or pustule develops within 12 days at the presumed site...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_021
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... rates are 10 to 70% in untreated louseborne relapsing fever (possibly related to comorbidities in refugee-type settings, where this disease typically is found) and 4% to 10% in untreated tickborne relapsing fever. Death occurs predominantly in infants, older adults, and people with underlying illnesses...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_069
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations Kawasaki disease is a vasculitis of medium-sized arteries, the diagnosis of which is made in patients with fever in addition to the presence of the following clinical criteria: Bilateral injection of the bulbar conjunctivae with limbic sparing and without exudate...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_076
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations Clinical manifestations of Lyme disease are divided into 3 stages: early localized, early disseminated, and late manifestations. Early localized disease is characterized by a distinctive lesion, erythema migrans (EM) , at the site of a recent tick bite. Erythema migrans...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_096
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations Infection with parvovirus B19 is clinically recognized most often as erythema infectiosum (EI), or fifth disease, which is characterized by a distinctive rash that may be preceded by mild systemic symptoms, including fever in 15% to 30% of patients. The facial rash can...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_101
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) comprises a spectrum of inflammatory disorders of the female upper genital tract, including any combination of endometritis, parametritis, salpingitis, oophoritis, tubo-ovarian abscess, and pelvic peritonitis. Acute PID is difficult...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_116
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... Rickettsial diseases comprise infections caused by bacterial species of the genera Rickettsia (endemic and epidemic typhus and spotted fever group rickettsioses), Orientia (scrub typhus), Ehrlichia (ehrlichiosis), Anaplasma (anaplasmosis), Neoehrlichia...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_094
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... Parasites are among the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in various and diverse geographic locations worldwide. Outside the tropics and subtropics, parasitic diseases are common among travelers, immigrants, and immunocompromised people. Toxocariasis occurs in the United States, most...
Resources
Published: August 2022
...Overview Penicillin- and ciprofloxacin-resistant, β-lactamase-producing  N. meningitidis  has emerged in the U.S. During 2019–2020, 11 cases of invasive meningococcal disease caused by penicillin-resistant and ciprofloxacin-resistant Neisseria meningitidis serogroup Y (NmY meningococcal disease...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
...Check the Red Book Online News page often for breaking news related to pediatric infectious diseases and immunizations, including new vaccine recommendations, vaccine or antiviral shortages, product recalls, disease outbreaks, travel notices, and more.  August 2022 Red Book Online...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
...Information and resource links for current infectious disease outbreaks. This section focuses on outbreaks that affect the pediatric population and that have been identified in multiple U.S. states; other outbreak types may be covered occasionally as situations warrant. Outbreaks are updated...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
...Summary The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is tracking an outbreak of monkeypox infections in the United States. As of August 9, 2022, there have been 9,492 confirmed cases of monkeypox in the United States. This outbreak is part of a larger global outbreak (>31,000 cases...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... is highest in children younger than 4 years of age. In the United States, rates of invasive infections and mortality are higher in infants, elderly people, and people with hemoglobinopathies (including sickle cell disease) and immunocompromising conditions (eg, malignant neoplasms, HIV infection). P...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... with hemoglobinopathies (including sickle cell disease) and immunocompromising conditions (eg, malignant neoplasms, HIV infection). Patients should be seen by their pediatrician  if they have any of these symptoms suggesting severe  Salmonella infection: Diarrhea and a fever higher than 102°F Diarrhea...)