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gonococcal

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Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_048
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... Control Measures References Gonococcal Infections Images Gonococcal infections are manifested by a spectrum of clinical presentations ranging from asymptomatic carriage, to characteristic localized infections (usually mucosal), to disseminated disease, and should be considered in 3 distinct age groups...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S5_004_004
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... Because prophylaxis with topical antimicrobial agents is highly effective in preventing blindness from gonococcal neonatal ophthalmia, it has been mandated by law in many jurisdictions. These mandates have been abandoned in many countries over the last several decades but remain in force in nearly...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S5_004_003
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Postexposure Systemic Antibiotic Prophylaxis Routine Topical Neonatal Ophthalmic Prophylaxis To block transmission of infection, healthy infants born to women with untreated or inadequately treated gonococcal infection should receive 1 dose of ceftriaxone (25–50 mg/kg, intravenously [IV...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S5_004_005
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... Neonatal ophthalmia attributable to Pseudomonas aeruginosa is infrequent but may now be at least as common as gonococcal ophthalmia. This form of neonatal ophthalmia has a predilection for preterm infants and presents with eyelid edema and erythema, purulent discharge, and pannus...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S5_004_001
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... (Days) Severity of Conjunctivitis a Associated Problems Chlamydia trachomatis 2%–40% 5–12 + Pneumonitis 3 wk–3 mo (see Chlamydial Infections , p 256) Neisseria gonorrhoeae Less than 1% 2–5 +++ Disseminated infection (see Gonococcal Infections , p 338...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_028_003
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... sexual partner(s). Neonates with documented chlamydial infection should be evaluated for possible gonococcal infection. An association between orally administered erythromycin and azithromycin and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) has been reported in infants younger than 6 weeks. Infants...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_005_002
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
.... Depending on health department resources, partner services may be offered for some gonorrhea cases and occasionally for chlamydia. If it appears unlikely that partners of patients treated for gonococcal or chlamydial infections will seek care, pediatricians may consider providing expedited partner therapy...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_101
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... who have received a diagnosis of chlamydial or gonococcal PID should be retested 3 months after treatment, regardless of whether their sex partners were treated. If retesting at 3 months is not possible, these women should be retested whenever they next present for medical care in the 12 months...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... of clinical manifestations of Giardia intestinalis have been extensively rewritten. Treatment of recurrent Giardia infections has been expanded. The Gonococcal Infections chapter has been extensively revised, shortening by approximately one third. Specific dosages of antibiotics...
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