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Resources
Published: January 2022
... and cough; other symptoms can include shortness of breath, sore throat, headache, myalgia, fatigue, and, less frequently, rhinorrhea. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and poor appetite may occur, with or without respiratory symptoms. Less frequently, infected people can...)
Resources
Published: January 2022
... invasive meningococcal disease. Populations at highest risk: All pediatric populations at risk, particularly children under 1 year. Cases caused by β -lactamase-positive NmY were reported from 12 geographically disparate states; the majority of cases (22 of 33, 67%) occurred in Hispanic persons...)
Resources
Published: January 2022
... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), according to Flu View, the CDC’s weekly surveillance report. Both deaths were reported in mid-December. The first pediatric death was associated with an influenza A (H3) virus and occurred during the week ending December 11, 2021. The second pediatric death...)
Resources
Published: January 2022
... oral liquids Signs of dehydration, such as: Decreased urine output Dry mucous membranes Orthostatic hypotension Neurologic symptoms, particularly seizures, which may occur in the setting of HUS. Diagnosis : Several US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-cleared multiplex polymerase...)
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_053
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
.... Thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, petechiae, generalized lymphadenopathy, and encephalopathy usually are present in Argentine HF, Bolivian HF, and Venezuelan HF, and exudative pharyngitis often occurs in Lassa fever. Mucosal bleeding generally occurs in severe cases as a consequence of vascular damage, coagulopathy...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_082
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... of bronchiolitis in infants. In children, hMPV also causes pneumonia , asthma exacerbations, croup, upper respiratory tract infections (URIs), and acute otitis media; these may be accompanied by fever. As with other respiratory viral infections, secondary bacterial pneumonia can occur. hMPV is associated...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_023
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... with cystic fibrosis (CF) or chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Infections have also been reported in people with hemoglobinopathies and malignant neoplasms and in preterm infants. Airway infections of B cepacia in people with cystic fibrosis usually occur later in the course of disease, after...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_060
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
..., abdominal pain, and arthralgia. Disease is more common among young adults than among children and is more severe in pregnant women, in whom mortality rates can reach 10% to 25% if infection occurs during the third trimester. Chronic HEV infection is rare and, to date, has only been reported in more...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_092
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... westermani are up to 12 mm long and 7 mm wide and occur throughout Asia. A triploid parthenogenetic form of P westermani, which is larger, produces more eggs, and elicits greater disease, has been described in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and parts of eastern China. P heterotremus occurs...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_078
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... third of cases. Symptomatic infection may result in a mild to severe illness, which can include fever, malaise, myalgia, retro-orbital headache, photophobia, anorexia, and nausea and vomiting. Sore throat, cough, arthralgia or arthritis, and orchitis also may occur. Initial symptoms may last from a few...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_037
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
.... Asymptomatic infections are the most common, particularly in children. An infectious mononucleosis-like syndrome with prolonged fever and mild hepatitis, occurring in the absence of heterophile antibody production (“monospot negative”), may occur in adolescents and adults. End-organ disease, including...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_123
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... infections often are asymptomatic. Skin manifestations include pruritus at the penetration site a few hours after water exposure, followed in 5 to 14 days by an intermittent pruritic, sometimes papular, eruption. More intense papular eruptions may occur more quickly and last for 7 to 10 days after exposure...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_108
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations Etiology Epidemiology Diagnostic Tests Treatment Isolation of the Hospitalized Patient Control Measures References BK virus (BKV) infection and JC virus (JCV) infection in humans usually occur in childhood and seemingly result in lifelong persistence. More than 80...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_096
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
..., lace-like, and often pruritic rash occurs on the trunk, moving peripherally to involve the arms, buttocks, and thighs . The rash can fluctuate in intensity and can recur with environmental changes, such as temperature and exposure to sunlight, for weeks to months. A brief, mild, nonspecific illness...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_051
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), characterized by noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, which is observed in the Americas; and (2) hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), which occurs worldwide (see Hemorrhagic Fevers and Related Syndromes Caused by Bunyaviruses , p 365). After an incubation period of 1 to 6...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_021
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations Etiology Epidemiology Diagnostic Tests Treatment Isolation of the Hospitalized Patient Control Measures Borrelia Infections (Relapsing Fever) Images Two types of relapsing fever occur in humans: tickborne and louseborne. Both are characterized by sudden...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S4_007_001
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... in dose is required for neonates or for children with impaired renal function, because serum concentrations are not increased significantly in these patients. Because of concentration-dependent killing, if renal toxicity occurs, it is recommended to maintain the dose but switch to alternate-day dosing...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_031
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
..., vomiting, diarrhea, and poor appetite may occur, with or without respiratory symptoms. Less frequently, infected people can experience anosmia (loss of smell) or ageusia (loss of taste); these occur more commonly in adolescents than in younger children. Conjunctivitis and rashes also have been reported...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_120
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... disease, occurring in 6- to 9-year cycles, with most cases occurring in children. In the postvaccine era, most cases in the mid-1970s and 1980s occurred in young unimmunized adults in outbreaks on college campuses and in occupational settings . More recent outbreaks have occurred in people born outside...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_024
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
.... Stools can contain visible or occult blood. In neonates and young infants, bloody diarrhea without fever can be the only manifestation of infection. Pronounced fevers in children can result in febrile seizures that can occur before gastrointestinal tract symptoms. Abdominal pain can mimic appendicitis...