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Resources
Published: August 2021
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_006_002
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... diseases can be considered on an individual basis, as discussed in the following paragraphs (see Table 2.8 ) and in the disease-specific chapters in Section 3. Table 2.8 Suggested Screening Tests for Infectious Diseases in International Adoptees, Refugees, and Immigrants a Hepatitis...
Resources
Published: August 2022
... and may not ultimately be linked to this investigation. There have been no additional deaths reported since February, and the proportion of patients requiring liver transplants has gone down from 15 percent to 9 percent since May 5. Additional testing details were updated by the CDC on May 11. CDC...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... judgement and consultation with your local public health department are required in determining who needs testing, as the overwhelming majority of children who present with a rash will have an alternative etiology. The rash associated with monkeypox produces macules that progress to papules, vesicles...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... of individuals affected by this outbreak may be higher because many people with diarrheal illness recover without medical care and are not tested for  Salmonella . In addition, recent illnesses may not yet be reported as it usually takes 2 to 4 weeks to determine if a sick person is part of an outbreak...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... consider antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) on meningococcal isolates to inform prophylaxis decisions. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing should not delay the initiation of prophylaxis. Recommended prophylaxis for close contacts of persons with meningococcal disease includes either a 2-day...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... isolates to penicillin before switching to penicillin or ampicillin for treatment. In states that have experienced meningococcal disease cases caused by ciprofloxacin-resistant strains during the past 1-2 years, clinicians and public health staff should consider antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... be multiplex assays) or through direct antigen testing for SARS-CoV-2 from a nasopharyngeal or nasal specimen. (See COVID-19 Testing Guidance [aap.org] for additional guidance.) Complications: Children with obesity or medical comorbidities are at risk for more severe disease. Children from racial...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
..., such as: Decreased urine output Dry mucous membranes Orthostatic hypotension Diagnosis : Salmonella gastroenteritis is diagnosed by stool culture or molecular testing (including PCR); stool testing should be obtained in all children with bloody diarrhea or unexplained persistent or severe...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... test for PeV in children with symptoms. Testing is available at commercial clinical laboratories and state public health laboratories. Hospitals also may use multiplex meningitis and encephalitis panels for cerebrospinal fluid testing that include PeV. The CDC can test samples in some cases...)
Resources
Published: August 2022
... for Clinicians CDC Guidance for Clinicians on the Use of Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Tests Resources Find implementation, education, and communication resources on the AAP Patient Care Influenza page, including: Influenza Education and Training for Health Care Professionals...)
TOPICS: Influenza
Resources
Published: April 2022
... AAP Influenza Page     Tuberculosis Testing and Treatment in Children and Adolescents Dawn Nolt, MD, MPH, FAAP Dr Nolt, lead author of clinical report, "Tuberculosis Infection in Children and Adolescents – Testing and Treatment” published in the Dec 2021 issue of Pediatrics...)
Resources
Published: October 2021
... and surfaces that may have touched the recalled salad greens. Clinical Manifestations (Red Book) Diagnostic Tests (Red Book) Treatment (Red Book) Reporting (CDC) Control Measures (Red Book) Resources CDC Outbreak Webpage Case Count Map Patient Education...)
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_005_003
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...; in press When to Screen for STIs in Prepubertal Victims STIs are not common in prepubertal children evaluated for abuse. Therefore, testing all sites for all pathogens is not recommended if the prepubertal child is asymptomatic. Examinations and collection of genital specimens in prepubertal children...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_160
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... after the bite of an infected mosquito, with 50% of symptomatic cases developing symptoms 1 week after exposure. Diagnostic Tests Zika virus infection should be considered in patients with acute onset of fever, maculopapular rash, arthralgia, or conjunctivitis who live in or have traveled to an area...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_052
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... cancer. The incubation period is unknown. Diagnostic Tests H pylori infection can be diagnosed by culture of gastric biopsy tissue on nonselective media (eg, chocolate agar, brucella agar, brain-heart infusion agar) or selective media (eg, Skirrow agar) at 37°C under microaerophilic...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_058
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... and of HCV-positive units after antibody testing as well as screening of pools of blood units by nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs). All intravenous and intramuscular Immune Globulin and plasma products now available commercially in the United States undergo an inactivation procedure for HCV...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_135
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... syphilis typically is 3 weeks but ranges from 10 to 90 days. Diagnostic Tests Definitive diagnosis is made when spirochetes are identified by microscopic darkfield examination of lesion exudate, nasal discharge, or tissue, such as placenta, lymph node, umbilical cord, or autopsy specimens. T...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S1_006_009
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
.... Evaluation of concentrations of antibody to vaccine-preventable diseases can be useful in some circumstances to ensure that vaccines were administered and were immunogenic, and to document immunity from past infection (see Serologic Testing to Document Immunization Status ). Unknown or Uncertain...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_007_003
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
.... In injuries from discarded needles in public, viruses that may have been present has been exposed to drying and environmental temperatures. In addition, injury does not generally occur immediately after the needle was used, needles rarely contain fresh blood, and injuries are usually superficial. Testing...