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TABLE 3

Methodological Assessment of Included Studies

CategoryInterventionReview NameTool Used to Assess Risk of BiasTool Used to Assess Certainty of EvidenceAMSTAR AssessmentAddressed PICO
Human milk feeding Mother's own milk Brown, et al 201914  ROB GRADE NA Fully 
Donor human milk Donor Quigley, et al 201915  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Fortification Fortification Brown, et al 202016  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Formula Formula Walsh, et al 201917  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Probiotics Probiotics Chi, et al 202119  ROB GRADE NA Fully 
Skin care Emollient Cleminson, et al 202118  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Respiratory support CPAP Ho, et al 202020  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Respiratory support CPAP Ho, et al 202021  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Respiratory support CPAP Subramaniam, et al 202122  ROB GRADE High Fully 
CategoryInterventionReview NameTool Used to Assess Risk of BiasTool Used to Assess Certainty of EvidenceAMSTAR AssessmentAddressed PICO
Human milk feeding Mother's own milk Brown, et al 201914  ROB GRADE NA Fully 
Donor human milk Donor Quigley, et al 201915  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Fortification Fortification Brown, et al 202016  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Formula Formula Walsh, et al 201917  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Probiotics Probiotics Chi, et al 202119  ROB GRADE NA Fully 
Skin care Emollient Cleminson, et al 202118  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Respiratory support CPAP Ho, et al 202020  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Respiratory support CPAP Ho, et al 202021  ROB GRADE High Fully 
Respiratory support CPAP Subramaniam, et al 202122  ROB GRADE High Fully 

GRADE, Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations; NA, not applicable; ROB, Risk of Bias Tool.

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