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TABLE 1

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics

Tracheal Tube Without iHMVTracheal Tube With iHMVAllP for Difference Between, Without, and With iHMV
Average daily patient census 52.7 (2.9) 123.3 (20.7) 175.9 (20.8) — 
 Prevalence per 100 000 4.3 (0.2) 10.1 (1.6) 14.5 (1.6) — 
Age group, %, y    .015 
 0–2 32.7 39.7 37.6 — 
 3–8 33.8 30.8 31.7 — 
 9–16 33.5 29.4 30.6 — 
Male, % 55.6 56.8 56.5 .663 
Race, %    <.001 
 White 59.3 66.2 64.3 — 
 African American 25.0 16.3 18.8 — 
 Asian American 5.4 4.1 4.5 — 
 AI or AN 0.9 3.8 3.0 — 
 Other or unknown 14.0 12.6 13.0 — 
Received home care nursing, % 65.7 78.0 74.5 <.001 
Medicaid at start of care, % 58.4 51.6 53.5 .017 
Death rate, % 4.4 4.6 4.5 .886 
Decannulation rate, % 11.4 11.4 11.4 .978 
Tracheal Tube Without iHMVTracheal Tube With iHMVAllP for Difference Between, Without, and With iHMV
Average daily patient census 52.7 (2.9) 123.3 (20.7) 175.9 (20.8) — 
 Prevalence per 100 000 4.3 (0.2) 10.1 (1.6) 14.5 (1.6) — 
Age group, %, y    .015 
 0–2 32.7 39.7 37.6 — 
 3–8 33.8 30.8 31.7 — 
 9–16 33.5 29.4 30.6 — 
Male, % 55.6 56.8 56.5 .663 
Race, %    <.001 
 White 59.3 66.2 64.3 — 
 African American 25.0 16.3 18.8 — 
 Asian American 5.4 4.1 4.5 — 
 AI or AN 0.9 3.8 3.0 — 
 Other or unknown 14.0 12.6 13.0 — 
Received home care nursing, % 65.7 78.0 74.5 <.001 
Medicaid at start of care, % 58.4 51.6 53.5 .017 
Death rate, % 4.4 4.6 4.5 .886 
Decannulation rate, % 11.4 11.4 11.4 .978 

The number of yearly observations is 9. SDs for nonbinary variables are in parentheses. Data are for 2008, 2010, and 2012–2018. Annual patients are computed as the number of patients at midyear. This was computed as patients on January 1 aged 0 to 16 y plus 50% of the year’s new patients receiving services less 50% of the year’s deaths, decannulations, and transfers. Male sex, race, home care nursing, and Medicaid data are based on 2012–2018 data. As patient insurance may change for any patient and typically trends toward Medicaid over time, we included the percentage of patients with Medicaid at the start of home care. AI, American Indian; AN, Alaskan Native; —, not applicable.

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