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TABLE 2

Resource Use of Opioid-Related Hospitalizations

Total2004–20072008–20112012–2015aP
Total No. cases 3647 797 1346 1504 — 
Length of stay, d 1 [1–3] 2 [1–3] 1 [1–2] 1 [1–3] <.001 
Total cost (inflated to 2015 dollars) 4931 [2875–9555] 6254 [3438–12 835] 4799 [2778–9049] 4552 [2665–8449] <.001 
Pharmaceutical cost (inflated to 2015 dollars) 201 [53–743] 324 [84–1206] 204 [54–711] 163 [39–606] <.001 
Naloxone used during hospitalization 1047 (28.7) 250 (31.4) 382 (28.4) 415 (27.6) .154 
PICU admission 1564 (42.9) 367 (46) 554 (41.2) 643 (42.8) .086 
Patients requiring PICU 
 Total No. cases 1564 367 554 643 — 
 Total length of stay, d 2 [1–4] 2 [1–4] 2 [1–3] 2 [1–3] <.001 
 PICU length of stay, d 1 [1–2] 1 [1–2] 1 [1–2] 1 [1–2] .248 
 Mechanical ventilation 578 (37) 168 (45.8) 207 (37.4) 203 (31.6) <.001 
 Mechanical ventilator for those who required it, d 2 [1–3] 2 [1–3] 2 [1–3] 2 [1–4] .510 
 Noninvasive ventilation 61 (3.9) 12 (3.3) 16 (2.9) 33 (5.1) .105 
 Vasopressors 318 (20.3) 99 (27) 105 (19) 114 (17.7) .001 
Total2004–20072008–20112012–2015aP
Total No. cases 3647 797 1346 1504 — 
Length of stay, d 1 [1–3] 2 [1–3] 1 [1–2] 1 [1–3] <.001 
Total cost (inflated to 2015 dollars) 4931 [2875–9555] 6254 [3438–12 835] 4799 [2778–9049] 4552 [2665–8449] <.001 
Pharmaceutical cost (inflated to 2015 dollars) 201 [53–743] 324 [84–1206] 204 [54–711] 163 [39–606] <.001 
Naloxone used during hospitalization 1047 (28.7) 250 (31.4) 382 (28.4) 415 (27.6) .154 
PICU admission 1564 (42.9) 367 (46) 554 (41.2) 643 (42.8) .086 
Patients requiring PICU 
 Total No. cases 1564 367 554 643 — 
 Total length of stay, d 2 [1–4] 2 [1–4] 2 [1–3] 2 [1–3] <.001 
 PICU length of stay, d 1 [1–2] 1 [1–2] 1 [1–2] 1 [1–2] .248 
 Mechanical ventilation 578 (37) 168 (45.8) 207 (37.4) 203 (31.6) <.001 
 Mechanical ventilator for those who required it, d 2 [1–3] 2 [1–3] 2 [1–3] 2 [1–4] .510 
 Noninvasive ventilation 61 (3.9) 12 (3.3) 16 (2.9) 33 (5.1) .105 
 Vasopressors 318 (20.3) 99 (27) 105 (19) 114 (17.7) .001 

Data are presented as the median [interquartile range] or n (%) of case patients. —, not applicable.

a

Data for 2015 include quarter 1 through quarter 3 only because of the ICD-10 conversion.

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