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TABLE 1

Nutrients That Particularly Affect Early Brain Development and Demonstrate a Critical or Sensitive Period

Macronutrients
Proteina 
Specific fats (eg, LC-PUFAs)a 
Glucose 
Micronutrients 
Zinca 
Coppera 
Iodinea 
Irona 
Selenium 
Vitamins and cofactors 
B vitamins (B6, B12
Vitamin A 
Vitamin K 
Folatea 
Cholinea 
Macronutrients
Proteina 
Specific fats (eg, LC-PUFAs)a 
Glucose 
Micronutrients 
Zinca 
Coppera 
Iodinea 
Irona 
Selenium 
Vitamins and cofactors 
B vitamins (B6, B12
Vitamin A 
Vitamin K 
Folatea 
Cholinea 

LC-PUFA, long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid. Reprinted with permission from Georgieff MK, Brunette KE, Tran PV. Early life nutrition and neural plasticity. Dev Psychopathol. 2015;27(2):415.

a

Nutrients that meet the principles for demonstrating a critical or sensitive period during development.

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