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TABLE 2

Components of CBT and IPT-A

TherapyKey Components
CBT Thoughts influence behaviors and feelings and vice versa. Treatment targets patient’s thoughts and behaviors to improve his or her mood. 
Essential elements of CBT include increasing pleasurable activities (behavioral activation), reducing negative thoughts (cognitive restructuring), and improving assertiveness and problem-solving skills to reduce feelings of hopelessness. CBT for adolescents may include sessions with parents and/or caregivers to review progress and to increase compliance with CBT-related tasks. 
IPT-A Interpersonal problems may cause or exacerbate depression, and that depression, in turn, may exacerbate interpersonal problems. Treatment targets patient’s interpersonal problems to improve both interpersonal functioning and his or her mood. 
Essential elements of interpersonal therapy include identifying an interpersonal problem area, improving interpersonal problem-solving skills, and modifying communication patterns. 
Parents and/or caregivers are involved in sessions during specific phases of the therapy. 
TherapyKey Components
CBT Thoughts influence behaviors and feelings and vice versa. Treatment targets patient’s thoughts and behaviors to improve his or her mood. 
Essential elements of CBT include increasing pleasurable activities (behavioral activation), reducing negative thoughts (cognitive restructuring), and improving assertiveness and problem-solving skills to reduce feelings of hopelessness. CBT for adolescents may include sessions with parents and/or caregivers to review progress and to increase compliance with CBT-related tasks. 
IPT-A Interpersonal problems may cause or exacerbate depression, and that depression, in turn, may exacerbate interpersonal problems. Treatment targets patient’s interpersonal problems to improve both interpersonal functioning and his or her mood. 
Essential elements of interpersonal therapy include identifying an interpersonal problem area, improving interpersonal problem-solving skills, and modifying communication patterns. 
Parents and/or caregivers are involved in sessions during specific phases of the therapy. 
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