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TABLE 1

Characteristics of Pediatric Sports- and Recreation-Related Eye Injuries Treated in US EDs by Age Group, NEISS 1990–2012

Characteristics0- to 4-year-olds5- to 9-year-olds10- to 14-year-olds15- to 17-year-oldsTotal
n (%)an (%)an (%)an (%)an (%)a95% CI
Sex       
 Boy 23 689 (66.0) 82 417 (73.4) 144 633 (76.3) 81 462 (78.3) 332 200 (75.2) 285 501–378 900 
 Girl 12 217 (34.0) 29 845 (26.6) 44 862 (23.7) 22 541 (21.7) 109 465 (24.8) 92 072–126 859 
 Not specified 6 (0.0)b 30 (0.0)b 99 (0.1)b 0 (0.0)b 134 (0.0)b 9–260 
Specific diagnosis       
 Corneal abrasion 8526 (23.7) 31 406 (28.0) 49 423 (26.1) 30 279 (29.1) 119 634 (27.1) 99 108–140 160 
 Conjunctivitis 5766 (16.1) 14 804 (13.2) 16 890 (8.9) 6920 (6.7) 44 380 (10.0) 34 184–54 576 
 Foreign body 5005 (13.9) 9674 (8.6) 15 371 (8.1) 7593 (7.3) 37 643 (8.5) 30 619–44 667 
 Laceration or puncture 2055 (5.7) 4725 (4.2) 6996 (3.7) 4407 (4.2) 18 184 (4.1) 15 227–21 140 
 Hyphema 873 (2.4)b 2867 (2.6) 8001 (4.2) 4763 (4.6) 16 504 (3.7) 12 508–20 501 
 Iritis or keratitis 44 (0.1)b 913 (0.8)b 3642 (1.9) 2784 (2.7) 7384 (1.7) 4977–9790 
 Subconjunctival hemorrhage 184 (0.5)b 1333 (1.2) 2385 (1.3) 1693 (1.6) 5594 (1.3) 4017–7171 
 Visual blurring or vision loss 6 (0.0)b 500 (0.4)b 1923 (1.0) 694 (0.7)b 3123 (0.7) 2072–4174 
 Other 12 213 (34.0) 41 898 (37.3) 78 134 (41.2) 41 335 (39.7) 173 579 (39.3) 150 968–196 191 
 Not specified 1241 (3.5) 4172 (3.7) 6828 (3.6) 3536 (3.4) 15 776 (3.6) 9531–22 020 
Disposition from the ED       
 Treated and released 34 079 (94.9) 106 605 (94.9) 178 224 (94.0) 98 840 (95.0) 417 749 (94.6) 357 183–478 314 
 Hospitalized 1373 (3.8) 4776 (4.3) 10 156 (5.4) 4659 (4.5) 20 965 (4.7) 17 234–24 695 
 Left against medical advice 348 (1.0)b 792 (0.7)b 1195 (0.6)b 451 (0.4)b 2785 (0.6) 1702–3868 
 Not specified 112 (0.3)b 118 (0.1)b 18 (0.0)b 53 (0.1)b 301 (0.1)b 67–536 
Locale of injury       
 Place for sport or recreation 5187 (14.4) 24 421 (21.7) 52 372 (27.6) 33 258 (32.0) 115 238 (26.1) 93 074–137 402 
 Home 13 807 (38.4) 29 639 (26.4) 34 456 (18.2) 11 920 (11.5) 89 823 (20.3) 74 567–105 078 
 School 1231 (3.4) 10 021 (8.9) 25 405 (13.4) 19 987 (19.2) 56 644 (12.8) 45 543–67 745 
 Other 1563 (4.4) 4687 (4.2) 8405 (4.4) 4816 (4.6) 19 471 (4.4) 14 071–24 871 
 Not specified 14 123 (39.3) 43 523 (38.8) 68 956 (36.4) 34 023 (32.7) 160 625 (36.4) 128 965–192 286 
Mechanism of injury       
 Hit, struck, or poked 13 956 (38.9) 57 159 (50.9) 103 689 (54.7) 62 148 (59.8) 236 952 (53.6) 204 099–269 805 
 Object or small particle in eye 8107 (22.6) 15 108 (13.5) 20 718 (10.9) 9490 (9.1) 53 422 (12.1) 43 902–62 943 
 Shot 1544 (4.3) 7650 (6.8) 25 881 (13.7) 10 959 (10.5) 46 034 (10.4) 37 354–54 713 
 Contact with chemicals 4402 (12.3) 12 715 (11.3) 13 112 (6.9) 4173 (4.0) 34 403 (7.8) 25 058–43 749 
 Fell 3802 (10.6) 5946 (5.3) 3644 (1.9) 1839 (1.8) 15 231 (3.4) 12 423–18 039 
 Struck eye against an object 1604 (4.5) 3175 (2.8) 3504 (1.8) 1387 (1.3) 9670 (2.2) 7386–11 954 
 Scratched or scraped 214 (0.6)b 1991 (1.8) 4007 (2.1) 2128 (2.0) 8341 (1.9) 6519–10 163 
 Other 114 (0.3)b 852 (0.8)b 613 (0.3)b 416 (0.4)b 1995 (0.5) 1099–2891 
 Not specified 2169 (6.0) 7695 (6.9) 14 426 (7.6) 11 463 (11.0) 35 752 (8.1) 26 238–45 266 
Object responsible for injury       
 Ball, puck, or birdie 3603 (10.0) 26 328 (23.4) 53 414 (28.2) 25 299 (24.3) 108 643 (24.6) 92 809–124 477 
 Small particle(s) in eye 8357 (23.3) 15 237 (13.6) 21 544 (11.4) 9842 (9.5) 54 980 (12.4) 44 818–65 143 
 Another person or body region 1033 (2.9)b 7035 (6.3) 19 760 (10.4) 17 956 (17.3) 45 784 (10.4) 37 958–53 611 
 BB, pellet, or paintball 1384 (3.9) 7221 (6.4) 25 511 (13.5) 10 896 (10.5) 45 012 (10.2) 36 479–53 545 
 Bat, club, stick, pole, or racquet 2692 (7.5) 7819 (7.0) 7133 (3.8) 2388 (2.3) 20 032 (4.5) 16 474–23 591 
 Other or not specified 18 842 (52.5) 48 652 (43.3) 62 232 (32.8) 37 623 (36.2) 167 348 (37.9) 142 811–191 886 
Study total (row %)c 35 911 (8.1) 112 292 (25.4) 189 594 (42.9) 104 003 (23.5) 441 800 (100.0) 378 868–504 733 
Characteristics0- to 4-year-olds5- to 9-year-olds10- to 14-year-olds15- to 17-year-oldsTotal
n (%)an (%)an (%)an (%)an (%)a95% CI
Sex       
 Boy 23 689 (66.0) 82 417 (73.4) 144 633 (76.3) 81 462 (78.3) 332 200 (75.2) 285 501–378 900 
 Girl 12 217 (34.0) 29 845 (26.6) 44 862 (23.7) 22 541 (21.7) 109 465 (24.8) 92 072–126 859 
 Not specified 6 (0.0)b 30 (0.0)b 99 (0.1)b 0 (0.0)b 134 (0.0)b 9–260 
Specific diagnosis       
 Corneal abrasion 8526 (23.7) 31 406 (28.0) 49 423 (26.1) 30 279 (29.1) 119 634 (27.1) 99 108–140 160 
 Conjunctivitis 5766 (16.1) 14 804 (13.2) 16 890 (8.9) 6920 (6.7) 44 380 (10.0) 34 184–54 576 
 Foreign body 5005 (13.9) 9674 (8.6) 15 371 (8.1) 7593 (7.3) 37 643 (8.5) 30 619–44 667 
 Laceration or puncture 2055 (5.7) 4725 (4.2) 6996 (3.7) 4407 (4.2) 18 184 (4.1) 15 227–21 140 
 Hyphema 873 (2.4)b 2867 (2.6) 8001 (4.2) 4763 (4.6) 16 504 (3.7) 12 508–20 501 
 Iritis or keratitis 44 (0.1)b 913 (0.8)b 3642 (1.9) 2784 (2.7) 7384 (1.7) 4977–9790 
 Subconjunctival hemorrhage 184 (0.5)b 1333 (1.2) 2385 (1.3) 1693 (1.6) 5594 (1.3) 4017–7171 
 Visual blurring or vision loss 6 (0.0)b 500 (0.4)b 1923 (1.0) 694 (0.7)b 3123 (0.7) 2072–4174 
 Other 12 213 (34.0) 41 898 (37.3) 78 134 (41.2) 41 335 (39.7) 173 579 (39.3) 150 968–196 191 
 Not specified 1241 (3.5) 4172 (3.7) 6828 (3.6) 3536 (3.4) 15 776 (3.6) 9531–22 020 
Disposition from the ED       
 Treated and released 34 079 (94.9) 106 605 (94.9) 178 224 (94.0) 98 840 (95.0) 417 749 (94.6) 357 183–478 314 
 Hospitalized 1373 (3.8) 4776 (4.3) 10 156 (5.4) 4659 (4.5) 20 965 (4.7) 17 234–24 695 
 Left against medical advice 348 (1.0)b 792 (0.7)b 1195 (0.6)b 451 (0.4)b 2785 (0.6) 1702–3868 
 Not specified 112 (0.3)b 118 (0.1)b 18 (0.0)b 53 (0.1)b 301 (0.1)b 67–536 
Locale of injury       
 Place for sport or recreation 5187 (14.4) 24 421 (21.7) 52 372 (27.6) 33 258 (32.0) 115 238 (26.1) 93 074–137 402 
 Home 13 807 (38.4) 29 639 (26.4) 34 456 (18.2) 11 920 (11.5) 89 823 (20.3) 74 567–105 078 
 School 1231 (3.4) 10 021 (8.9) 25 405 (13.4) 19 987 (19.2) 56 644 (12.8) 45 543–67 745 
 Other 1563 (4.4) 4687 (4.2) 8405 (4.4) 4816 (4.6) 19 471 (4.4) 14 071–24 871 
 Not specified 14 123 (39.3) 43 523 (38.8) 68 956 (36.4) 34 023 (32.7) 160 625 (36.4) 128 965–192 286 
Mechanism of injury       
 Hit, struck, or poked 13 956 (38.9) 57 159 (50.9) 103 689 (54.7) 62 148 (59.8) 236 952 (53.6) 204 099–269 805 
 Object or small particle in eye 8107 (22.6) 15 108 (13.5) 20 718 (10.9) 9490 (9.1) 53 422 (12.1) 43 902–62 943 
 Shot 1544 (4.3) 7650 (6.8) 25 881 (13.7) 10 959 (10.5) 46 034 (10.4) 37 354–54 713 
 Contact with chemicals 4402 (12.3) 12 715 (11.3) 13 112 (6.9) 4173 (4.0) 34 403 (7.8) 25 058–43 749 
 Fell 3802 (10.6) 5946 (5.3) 3644 (1.9) 1839 (1.8) 15 231 (3.4) 12 423–18 039 
 Struck eye against an object 1604 (4.5) 3175 (2.8) 3504 (1.8) 1387 (1.3) 9670 (2.2) 7386–11 954 
 Scratched or scraped 214 (0.6)b 1991 (1.8) 4007 (2.1) 2128 (2.0) 8341 (1.9) 6519–10 163 
 Other 114 (0.3)b 852 (0.8)b 613 (0.3)b 416 (0.4)b 1995 (0.5) 1099–2891 
 Not specified 2169 (6.0) 7695 (6.9) 14 426 (7.6) 11 463 (11.0) 35 752 (8.1) 26 238–45 266 
Object responsible for injury       
 Ball, puck, or birdie 3603 (10.0) 26 328 (23.4) 53 414 (28.2) 25 299 (24.3) 108 643 (24.6) 92 809–124 477 
 Small particle(s) in eye 8357 (23.3) 15 237 (13.6) 21 544 (11.4) 9842 (9.5) 54 980 (12.4) 44 818–65 143 
 Another person or body region 1033 (2.9)b 7035 (6.3) 19 760 (10.4) 17 956 (17.3) 45 784 (10.4) 37 958–53 611 
 BB, pellet, or paintball 1384 (3.9) 7221 (6.4) 25 511 (13.5) 10 896 (10.5) 45 012 (10.2) 36 479–53 545 
 Bat, club, stick, pole, or racquet 2692 (7.5) 7819 (7.0) 7133 (3.8) 2388 (2.3) 20 032 (4.5) 16 474–23 591 
 Other or not specified 18 842 (52.5) 48 652 (43.3) 62 232 (32.8) 37 623 (36.2) 167 348 (37.9) 142 811–191 886 
Study total (row %)c 35 911 (8.1) 112 292 (25.4) 189 594 (42.9) 104 003 (23.5) 441 800 (100.0) 378 868–504 733 
a

Column percentages may not sum to 100.0% because of a rounding error.

b

Estimate is potentially unstable because of sample size <20 cases, national estimate <1200 cases, or coefficient of variation >33.0%.

c

Row percentages may not sum to 100.0% because of a rounding error.

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