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TABLE 1

Classification of Cutaneous Vascular Anomalies, 2014

Vascular malformations 
 Venous malformations 
 Lymphatic malformations 
 Capillary malformations 
 Arteriovenous malformations and fistulae 
 Mixed (combined) malformations 
Vascular tumors 
Benign 
 Infantile hemangioma (IH) 
 Congenital hemangioma (rapidly involuting [RICH]; non-involuting [NICH]) 
 Lobulated capillary hemangiomas (LCH) (pyogenic granuloma)* 
 Tufted angioma (TA) 
 Others 
Locally aggressive 
 Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) 
 Kaposi sarcoma 
 Others 
Malignant 
 Angiosarcoma 
 Others 
Vascular malformations 
 Venous malformations 
 Lymphatic malformations 
 Capillary malformations 
 Arteriovenous malformations and fistulae 
 Mixed (combined) malformations 
Vascular tumors 
Benign 
 Infantile hemangioma (IH) 
 Congenital hemangioma (rapidly involuting [RICH]; non-involuting [NICH]) 
 Lobulated capillary hemangiomas (LCH) (pyogenic granuloma)* 
 Tufted angioma (TA) 
 Others 
Locally aggressive 
 Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) 
 Kaposi sarcoma 
 Others 
Malignant 
 Angiosarcoma 
 Others 

Adapted from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies, 2014, ref 1 (issva.org/classification).

*

Reactive proliferating vascular lesion

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