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TABLE 2

Change in the Proportion of Sexual Behaviors in States With Legislation Compared With States Without Legislation

Sexual Intercourse During the Last 3 MoCondom Use During Last Sexual Intercourse
Percentage Point Change(95% CI)PPercentage Point Change(95% CI)P
Among all students       
 Any legislation −0.90 (−2.33 to 0.52) .21 0.96 (−0.97 to 2.89) .32 
 Legislation about vaccine cost and accessibility  0.29 (−1.96 to 2.54) .80 –0.55 (−4.49 to 3.39) .78 
 Legislation about HPV education −0.73 (−2.20 to 0.74) .32 0.63 (−1.23 to 2.48) .50 
Among different student populations (any legislation)       
 Sex       
  Male −0.67 (−2.47 to 1.14) .46 0.047 (−2.41 to 2.51) .97 
  Female −1.11 (−2.59 to 0.37) .14 1.78 (−0.82 to 4.37) .18 
 Age, y       
  <17 −1.07 (−2.49 to 0.34) .13 1.64 (−0.94 to 4.23) .21 
  17 or 18 −0.52 (−2.67 to 1.64) .63 0.44 (−1.97 to 2.86) .71 
 Race and/or ethnicity       
  White −0.96 (−2.65 to 0.73) .26 0.83 (−1.59 to 3.25) .49 
  African American or Hispanic or other −0.55 (−2.28 to 1.18) .52 2.06 (−0.76 to 4.87) .15 
Sexual Intercourse During the Last 3 MoCondom Use During Last Sexual Intercourse
Percentage Point Change(95% CI)PPercentage Point Change(95% CI)P
Among all students       
 Any legislation −0.90 (−2.33 to 0.52) .21 0.96 (−0.97 to 2.89) .32 
 Legislation about vaccine cost and accessibility  0.29 (−1.96 to 2.54) .80 –0.55 (−4.49 to 3.39) .78 
 Legislation about HPV education −0.73 (−2.20 to 0.74) .32 0.63 (−1.23 to 2.48) .50 
Among different student populations (any legislation)       
 Sex       
  Male −0.67 (−2.47 to 1.14) .46 0.047 (−2.41 to 2.51) .97 
  Female −1.11 (−2.59 to 0.37) .14 1.78 (−0.82 to 4.37) .18 
 Age, y       
  <17 −1.07 (−2.49 to 0.34) .13 1.64 (−0.94 to 4.23) .21 
  17 or 18 −0.52 (−2.67 to 1.64) .63 0.44 (−1.97 to 2.86) .71 
 Race and/or ethnicity       
  White −0.96 (−2.65 to 0.73) .26 0.83 (−1.59 to 3.25) .49 
  African American or Hispanic or other −0.55 (−2.28 to 1.18) .52 2.06 (−0.76 to 4.87) .15 

Each cell represents a separate regression with the dependent variables noted in the columns. For each dependent variable, the model includes survey year fixed effects, age, sex, and current grade fixed effects. Models include state-specific linear time trends and state fixed effects.

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