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TABLE 4

Comparison of the Groups at the 5-Year Follow-up According to Randomly Assigned Supplement Group and Sex

Anthropometry and Cardiometabolic OutcomesaBoysGirlsPinteraction
n-3 LCPUFA, n = 84OO, n = 72n-3 LCPUFA, n = 81OO, n = 85
Waist circumference, cm 51.2 (3.6) 53.0 (6.2) 52.3 (4.2) 52.6 (4.5) .14 
Arm circumference, cm 17.4 (1.7) 18.0 (2.3) 17.5 (1.5) 17.3 (1.4) .13 
HR, beats per minute 90.3 (10.2) 91.3 (10.5) 90.4 (9.7) 89.2 (9.1) .32 
Glucose, mU/L 4.7 (0.5) 4.7 (0.4) 4.7 (0.4) 4.7 (0.6) .66 
Cholesterol, mmol/L 4.4 (0.8) 4.6 (0.8) 4.3 (0.8) 4.2 (0.7) .36 
HDLC, mmol/L 1.4 (0.3) 1.4 (0.3) 1.4 (0.2) 1.4 (0.3) .78 
LDLC, mmol/L 2.7 (0.6) 2.8 (0.7) 2.6 (0.7) 2.6 (0.6) .50 
hs-CRP, mg/L 0.5 (0.6) 0.4 (1.6) 0.3 (0.4) 0.4 (0.8) .71 
Adiponectin, µg/mL 14.3 (4.8) 13.1 (5.0) 13.4 (5.1) 13.5 (6.1) .33 
Log-transformed data      
 Wt, kg 19.6 (1.2) 20.1 (1.2) 20.1 (1.2) 20.2 (1.2) .60 
 Height, cm 112.2 (1.1) 112.9 (1.1) 112.6 (1.0) 113.7 (1.1) .81 
 BMI 15.6 (1.1) 15.8 (1.1) 15.8 (1.1) 15.6 (1.1) .25 
 Head circumference, cm 51.0 (1.0) 50.9 (1.0) 52.0 (1.0) 52.1 (1.0) .48 
 Abdominal skinfold, mm 8.4 (1.4) 8.9 (1.5) 7.0 (1.4) 6.7 (1.5) .31 
 Suprailiac skinfold, mm 5.4 (1.4) 5.8 (1.6) 4.6 (1.3) 4.5 (1.5) .36 
 Subscapular skinfold, mm 6.3 (1.3) 6.9 (1.5) 5.9 (1.3) 5.9 (1.4) .36 
 Triceps skinfold, mm 11.7 (1.2) 11.9 (1.3) 10.1 (1.3) 9.9 (1.2) .64 
 SBP, mm Hg 94.3 (1.1) 96.3 (1.1) 97.9 (1.1) 97.6 (1.1) .22 
 DBP, mm Hg 57.6 (1.1) 59.3 (1.1) 59.0 (1.1) 58.4 (1.1) .08 
 Insulin, mU/L 3.4 (1.6) 4.3 (1.5) 3.3 (1.6) 3.0 (1.6) .007 
 Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) 0.7 (1.7) 0.9 (1.6) 0.7 (1.7) 0.6 (1.7) .012 
 Triglyceride, mmol/L 0.7 (1.4) 0.7 (1.3) 0.6 (1.4) 0.6 (1.5) .76 
 Leptin, ng/mL 2.2 (1.9) 2.6 (2.2) 1.6 (1.7) 1.3 (2.1) .06 
Anthropometry and Cardiometabolic OutcomesaBoysGirlsPinteraction
n-3 LCPUFA, n = 84OO, n = 72n-3 LCPUFA, n = 81OO, n = 85
Waist circumference, cm 51.2 (3.6) 53.0 (6.2) 52.3 (4.2) 52.6 (4.5) .14 
Arm circumference, cm 17.4 (1.7) 18.0 (2.3) 17.5 (1.5) 17.3 (1.4) .13 
HR, beats per minute 90.3 (10.2) 91.3 (10.5) 90.4 (9.7) 89.2 (9.1) .32 
Glucose, mU/L 4.7 (0.5) 4.7 (0.4) 4.7 (0.4) 4.7 (0.6) .66 
Cholesterol, mmol/L 4.4 (0.8) 4.6 (0.8) 4.3 (0.8) 4.2 (0.7) .36 
HDLC, mmol/L 1.4 (0.3) 1.4 (0.3) 1.4 (0.2) 1.4 (0.3) .78 
LDLC, mmol/L 2.7 (0.6) 2.8 (0.7) 2.6 (0.7) 2.6 (0.6) .50 
hs-CRP, mg/L 0.5 (0.6) 0.4 (1.6) 0.3 (0.4) 0.4 (0.8) .71 
Adiponectin, µg/mL 14.3 (4.8) 13.1 (5.0) 13.4 (5.1) 13.5 (6.1) .33 
Log-transformed data      
 Wt, kg 19.6 (1.2) 20.1 (1.2) 20.1 (1.2) 20.2 (1.2) .60 
 Height, cm 112.2 (1.1) 112.9 (1.1) 112.6 (1.0) 113.7 (1.1) .81 
 BMI 15.6 (1.1) 15.8 (1.1) 15.8 (1.1) 15.6 (1.1) .25 
 Head circumference, cm 51.0 (1.0) 50.9 (1.0) 52.0 (1.0) 52.1 (1.0) .48 
 Abdominal skinfold, mm 8.4 (1.4) 8.9 (1.5) 7.0 (1.4) 6.7 (1.5) .31 
 Suprailiac skinfold, mm 5.4 (1.4) 5.8 (1.6) 4.6 (1.3) 4.5 (1.5) .36 
 Subscapular skinfold, mm 6.3 (1.3) 6.9 (1.5) 5.9 (1.3) 5.9 (1.4) .36 
 Triceps skinfold, mm 11.7 (1.2) 11.9 (1.3) 10.1 (1.3) 9.9 (1.2) .64 
 SBP, mm Hg 94.3 (1.1) 96.3 (1.1) 97.9 (1.1) 97.6 (1.1) .22 
 DBP, mm Hg 57.6 (1.1) 59.3 (1.1) 59.0 (1.1) 58.4 (1.1) .08 
 Insulin, mU/L 3.4 (1.6) 4.3 (1.5) 3.3 (1.6) 3.0 (1.6) .007 
 Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) 0.7 (1.7) 0.9 (1.6) 0.7 (1.7) 0.6 (1.7) .012 
 Triglyceride, mmol/L 0.7 (1.4) 0.7 (1.3) 0.6 (1.4) 0.6 (1.5) .76 
 Leptin, ng/mL 2.2 (1.9) 2.6 (2.2) 1.6 (1.7) 1.3 (2.1) .06 
a

Data were analyzed by using linear regression analysis. Data are mean (SD) or geometric mean (geometric SD) for log-transformed data.

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