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TABLE 1

Characteristics of Parents and Adolescents in Parent-Adolescent Dyads (2004–2012 NSDUH)

CharacteristicParents (N = 35 000)Adolescents (N = 35 000)
Age, y 43.4 (7.0) 14.5 (1.7) 
Female sex, % 56.7 47.5 
Parent-child dyads, %   
 Mother and son 29.6 — 
 Mother and daughter 27.1 — 
 Father and son 22.9 — 
 Father and daughter 20.4 — 
Race and/or ethnicity, %   
 African American — 12.2 
 White — 60.4 
 Hispanic — 19.7 
 Other — 7.7 
Education, %   
 High school or less 44.4 — 
 Some college 26.4 — 
 College graduate 29.2 — 
Marital status, %   
 Married 79.2 — 
 Separated or divorced 12.9 — 
 Widowed 1.2 — 
 Never married 6.7 — 
Perceived parenting by adolescent (past 12 mo), mean (SD)   
 Lack of monitoring 2.1 (0.7) — 
 Conflict 1.6 (0.8) — 
 Lack of support 2.9 (1.4) — 
Lifetime, %   
 NMPOsa 13.5 8.8 
 Smoking 68.9 20.6 
 Alcohol 88.7 35.6 
 Marijuana 51.0 15.2 
 OIDsb 24.6 3.8 
Initiated other drug before NMPOs, %   
 Cigarettes — 18.8 
 Alcohol — 32.9 
 Marijuana — 13.1 
 OIDsc — 2.1 
Perceived risk of drug use (range 0–6), mean (SD) 4.8 (1.3) 4.1 (1.7) 
Perceived drug use of schoolmates,b  
 None or a few use — 52.7 
 Most or all use — 47.3 
Religiosity (range 1–4), mean (SD) — 2.5 (0.8) 
Delinquency (past 12 mo; range 0–6), mean (SD) — 0.5 (0.9) 
Lifetime depression, % 12.8 12.2 
CharacteristicParents (N = 35 000)Adolescents (N = 35 000)
Age, y 43.4 (7.0) 14.5 (1.7) 
Female sex, % 56.7 47.5 
Parent-child dyads, %   
 Mother and son 29.6 — 
 Mother and daughter 27.1 — 
 Father and son 22.9 — 
 Father and daughter 20.4 — 
Race and/or ethnicity, %   
 African American — 12.2 
 White — 60.4 
 Hispanic — 19.7 
 Other — 7.7 
Education, %   
 High school or less 44.4 — 
 Some college 26.4 — 
 College graduate 29.2 — 
Marital status, %   
 Married 79.2 — 
 Separated or divorced 12.9 — 
 Widowed 1.2 — 
 Never married 6.7 — 
Perceived parenting by adolescent (past 12 mo), mean (SD)   
 Lack of monitoring 2.1 (0.7) — 
 Conflict 1.6 (0.8) — 
 Lack of support 2.9 (1.4) — 
Lifetime, %   
 NMPOsa 13.5 8.8 
 Smoking 68.9 20.6 
 Alcohol 88.7 35.6 
 Marijuana 51.0 15.2 
 OIDsb 24.6 3.8 
Initiated other drug before NMPOs, %   
 Cigarettes — 18.8 
 Alcohol — 32.9 
 Marijuana — 13.1 
 OIDsc — 2.1 
Perceived risk of drug use (range 0–6), mean (SD) 4.8 (1.3) 4.1 (1.7) 
Perceived drug use of schoolmates,b  
 None or a few use — 52.7 
 Most or all use — 47.3 
Religiosity (range 1–4), mean (SD) — 2.5 (0.8) 
Delinquency (past 12 mo; range 0–6), mean (SD) — 0.5 (0.9) 
Lifetime depression, % 12.8 12.2 

Weighted estimates. —, not applicable.

a

Includes 21 prescription opioids: Darvocet, Darvon, and Tylenol with Codeine (as a group); Percocet, Percodan, and Tylox (as a group); Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet (as a group); Codeine; Demerol; Dilaudid and Fioricet; Fiorinal; Hydrocodone; Methadone; Morphine; Oxycontin; Phenaphen with Codeine; Propoxyphene; Sk-65; Stadol; Talacen; Talwin; Talwin Nx; Tramadol; and Ultram.

b

Cocaine, crack, heroin, or hallucinogens.

c

Smoking, alcohol, or marijuana.

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