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TABLE 4

Effects of Parental Lifetime NMPO Use by Parent and Adolescent Sex on Adolescent Lifetime NMPO Use (2004–2012 NSDUH)

Parent-Adolescent DyadsAdolescent NMPO Use, aOR (95% CI)an
All parents   
 Mothers 1.62 (1.28–2.05)**,b 21 200 
 Fathers 0.98 (0.74–1.24)c 13 800 
Dyads by sex   
 Mother-daughter pairs 1.70 (1.25–2.30)***,b 10 500 
 Mother-son pairs 1.53 (1.08–2.15)*,b 10 700 
 Father-daughter pairs 1.25 (0.86–1.80)b 6600 
 Father-son pairs 0.71 (0.50–1.00)*,c 7200 
Parent-Adolescent DyadsAdolescent NMPO Use, aOR (95% CI)an
All parents   
 Mothers 1.62 (1.28–2.05)**,b 21 200 
 Fathers 0.98 (0.74–1.24)c 13 800 
Dyads by sex   
 Mother-daughter pairs 1.70 (1.25–2.30)***,b 10 500 
 Mother-son pairs 1.53 (1.08–2.15)*,b 10 700 
 Father-daughter pairs 1.25 (0.86–1.80)b 6600 
 Father-son pairs 0.71 (0.50–1.00)*,c 7200 

Models were controlled for parent and adolescent factors included in Table 3.

a

In separate models, the interaction effects of parental NMPO use by parent sex and of parental NMPO use by parent and adolescent sex are each statistically significant (P < .01 and P < .001, respectively).

b

Different superscripts indicate a statically significant difference at P < .05.

c

Different superscripts indicate a statically significant difference at P < .05.

*

P < .05; ** P < .01; *** P < .001.

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