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TABLE 1

Characteristics of Enrolled Parents by Product Use

CharacteristicParent Uses Only Cigarettes (N = 646), n (%)Parent Uses Only E-cigarettes (N = 34), n (%)Parent Is Dual User of Cigarettes and E-cigarettes (N = 81), n (%)P
Smoking status    <.001 
Quit smoking in past 2 y 0 (0.0) 34 (100.0) 0 (0.0)  
Currently smokes cigarettes 646 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 81 (100.0)  
Age of parent, y    <.05 
 18–24 99 (15.3) 6 (17.6) 16 (19.8)  
 25–44 474 (73.4) 28 (82.4) 59 (72.8)  
 ≥45 73 (11.3) 0 (0.0) 6 (7.4)  
Parent sex    .03 
 Female 539 (83.4) 22 (64.7) 65 (80.2)  
 Male 107 (16.6) 12 (35.3) 16 (19.8)  
Education level    .14 
 No college 388 (60.1) 15 (44.1) 51 (63.0)  
 Some college or more 255 (39.5) 19 (55.9) 29 (35.8)  
Parent race and/or ethnicity    .62 
 Non-Hispanic black or African American 67 (10.4) 4 (11.8) 5 (6.2)  
 Non-Hispanic white 540 (83.6) 28 (82.4) 70 (86.4)  
 Hispanic 8 (1.2) 1 (2.9) 3 (3.7)  
 Other or multiracial 29 (4.5) 1 (2.9) 3 (3.7)  
Child insurance status    .50 
 Medicaid 385 (59.6) 16 (47.1) 46 (56.8)  
 HMO and/or private insurance 231 (35.8) 17 (50.0) 32 (39.5)  
 Self-pay or other 26 (4.0) 1 (2.9) 2 (2.5)  
Reason for visit    .86 
 Sick child 164 (25.4) 9 (26.5) 17 (21.0)  
 Well child 398 (61.6) 21 (61.8) 55 (67.9)  
 Other 84 (13.0) 4 (11.8) 9 (11.1)  
Parent tobacco use, cigarettes per d   .75 
 ≥10 391 (60.5) 0 (0.0) 47 (58.0)  
 <10 254 (39.3) 0 (0.0) 33 (40.7)  
Other household smokers    .08 
 ≥1 373 (57.7) 14 (41.2) 52 (64.2)  
 None 270 (41.8) 20 (58.8) 29 (35.8)  
CharacteristicParent Uses Only Cigarettes (N = 646), n (%)Parent Uses Only E-cigarettes (N = 34), n (%)Parent Is Dual User of Cigarettes and E-cigarettes (N = 81), n (%)P
Smoking status    <.001 
Quit smoking in past 2 y 0 (0.0) 34 (100.0) 0 (0.0)  
Currently smokes cigarettes 646 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 81 (100.0)  
Age of parent, y    <.05 
 18–24 99 (15.3) 6 (17.6) 16 (19.8)  
 25–44 474 (73.4) 28 (82.4) 59 (72.8)  
 ≥45 73 (11.3) 0 (0.0) 6 (7.4)  
Parent sex    .03 
 Female 539 (83.4) 22 (64.7) 65 (80.2)  
 Male 107 (16.6) 12 (35.3) 16 (19.8)  
Education level    .14 
 No college 388 (60.1) 15 (44.1) 51 (63.0)  
 Some college or more 255 (39.5) 19 (55.9) 29 (35.8)  
Parent race and/or ethnicity    .62 
 Non-Hispanic black or African American 67 (10.4) 4 (11.8) 5 (6.2)  
 Non-Hispanic white 540 (83.6) 28 (82.4) 70 (86.4)  
 Hispanic 8 (1.2) 1 (2.9) 3 (3.7)  
 Other or multiracial 29 (4.5) 1 (2.9) 3 (3.7)  
Child insurance status    .50 
 Medicaid 385 (59.6) 16 (47.1) 46 (56.8)  
 HMO and/or private insurance 231 (35.8) 17 (50.0) 32 (39.5)  
 Self-pay or other 26 (4.0) 1 (2.9) 2 (2.5)  
Reason for visit    .86 
 Sick child 164 (25.4) 9 (26.5) 17 (21.0)  
 Well child 398 (61.6) 21 (61.8) 55 (67.9)  
 Other 84 (13.0) 4 (11.8) 9 (11.1)  
Parent tobacco use, cigarettes per d   .75 
 ≥10 391 (60.5) 0 (0.0) 47 (58.0)  
 <10 254 (39.3) 0 (0.0) 33 (40.7)  
Other household smokers    .08 
 ≥1 373 (57.7) 14 (41.2) 52 (64.2)  
 None 270 (41.8) 20 (58.8) 29 (35.8)  

Missing data were not included. P values are calculated by using the maximum likelihood ratio χ2 test and were calculated for the whole category. HMO, health management organization.

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