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TABLE 3

Multivariable Logistic Regression Models Using Generalized Estimating Equations Showing the Adjusted Odds of Not Having Strictly Enforced Home and Car Policies Among Enrolled Parents Who Smoke

VariableNot Having Strictly Enforced Smoke-Free Policies Prohibiting Smoking in the Home and Car (n = 643), Adjusted OR (95% CI)Not Having Strictly Enforced Vape-Free Policies Prohibiting E-cigarette Use in the Home and Car (n = 567), Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Parent age, y   
 18–24 1.49 (0.68–3.28) 3.93 (1.77–8.71) 
 25–44 1.19 (0.64–2.22) 1.82 (0.95–3.47) 
 ≥45 Reference Reference 
Age of youngest child, y  
 >10 2.83 (1.55–5.16) 2.56 (1.43–4.56) 
 5–10 1.61 (1.04–2.49) 1.47 (0.94–2.30) 
 <5 Reference Reference 
Parent sex   
 Female Reference Reference 
 Male 1.17 (0.73–1.86) 1.03 (0.64–1.65) 
Education level   
 No college 1.66 (1.16–2.38) 1.47 (1.01–2.13) 
 Some college or more Reference Reference 
Parent race and/or ethnicity  
 Non-Hispanic black or African American 0.50 (0.18–1.44) 0.42 (0.15–1.14) 
 Non-Hispanic white 0.94 (0.37–2.37) 1.18 (0.52–2.68) 
 Hispanic 0.43 (0.09–2.14) 0.27 (0.04–1.81) 
 Other Reference Reference 
Child insurance status  
 Medicaid 1.59 (0.64–3.98) 1.06 (0.44–2.55) 
 HMO and/or private insurance 1.28 (0.51–3.25) 0.90 (0.37–2.20) 
 Self-pay or other Reference Reference 
Reason for visit   
 Sick child 0.81 (0.43–1.53) 0.83 (0.44–1.55) 
 Well child 0.84 (0.47–1.50) 0.77 (0.44–1.35) 
 Other Reference Reference 
Parent tobacco use, cigarettes per d  
 ≥10 2.39 (1.66–3.43) 1.71 (1.17–2.49) 
 <10 Reference Reference 
Other household smokers  
 ≥1 1.74 (1.21–2.49) 1.44 (0.99–2.08) 
 None Reference Reference 
E-cigarette use in past 30 d  
 Used 2.54 (1.35–4.75) 7.49 (3.86–14.54) 
 Did not use Reference Reference 
VariableNot Having Strictly Enforced Smoke-Free Policies Prohibiting Smoking in the Home and Car (n = 643), Adjusted OR (95% CI)Not Having Strictly Enforced Vape-Free Policies Prohibiting E-cigarette Use in the Home and Car (n = 567), Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Parent age, y   
 18–24 1.49 (0.68–3.28) 3.93 (1.77–8.71) 
 25–44 1.19 (0.64–2.22) 1.82 (0.95–3.47) 
 ≥45 Reference Reference 
Age of youngest child, y  
 >10 2.83 (1.55–5.16) 2.56 (1.43–4.56) 
 5–10 1.61 (1.04–2.49) 1.47 (0.94–2.30) 
 <5 Reference Reference 
Parent sex   
 Female Reference Reference 
 Male 1.17 (0.73–1.86) 1.03 (0.64–1.65) 
Education level   
 No college 1.66 (1.16–2.38) 1.47 (1.01–2.13) 
 Some college or more Reference Reference 
Parent race and/or ethnicity  
 Non-Hispanic black or African American 0.50 (0.18–1.44) 0.42 (0.15–1.14) 
 Non-Hispanic white 0.94 (0.37–2.37) 1.18 (0.52–2.68) 
 Hispanic 0.43 (0.09–2.14) 0.27 (0.04–1.81) 
 Other Reference Reference 
Child insurance status  
 Medicaid 1.59 (0.64–3.98) 1.06 (0.44–2.55) 
 HMO and/or private insurance 1.28 (0.51–3.25) 0.90 (0.37–2.20) 
 Self-pay or other Reference Reference 
Reason for visit   
 Sick child 0.81 (0.43–1.53) 0.83 (0.44–1.55) 
 Well child 0.84 (0.47–1.50) 0.77 (0.44–1.35) 
 Other Reference Reference 
Parent tobacco use, cigarettes per d  
 ≥10 2.39 (1.66–3.43) 1.71 (1.17–2.49) 
 <10 Reference Reference 
Other household smokers  
 ≥1 1.74 (1.21–2.49) 1.44 (0.99–2.08) 
 None Reference Reference 
E-cigarette use in past 30 d  
 Used 2.54 (1.35–4.75) 7.49 (3.86–14.54) 
 Did not use Reference Reference 

List-wise deletion was used; analyses were limited to parents who had a car. CI, confidence interval; HMO, health management organization; OR, odds ratio.

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