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TABLE 4

State-Level Unadjusted Differences in Receipt of Low-Value Services by Payer Type

State% of Children in State Receiving Any Low-Value Service At Least Once in 2014% of Children in State Receiving Any Low-Value Diagnostic Test At Least Once in 2014% of Children in State Receiving Any Low-Value Imaging Test At Least Once in 2014% of Children in State Receiving Any Low-Value Prescription Drug Service At Least Once in 2014
PublicPrivateDifferencePublicPrivateDifferencePublicPrivateDifferencePublicPrivateDifference
7.6 6.0 1.7 1.2 2.5 −1.4 0.3 0.3 −0.1 6.4 3.3 3.1 
15.0 10.2 4.8 4.4 4.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.0 11.8 6.6 5.2 
12.0 9.2 2.8 4.0 3.1 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.0 9.0 6.5 2.5 
7.4 5.2 2.3 2.5 1.7 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 5.2 3.4 1.7 
13.5 15.5 −2.1 3.7 5.1 −1.4 0.6 0.7 −0.1 10.6 11.9 −1.4 
9.0 7.3 1.7 3.8 3.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.0 5.5 3.8 1.7 
9.1 7.4 1.7 5.5 4.7 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.0 4.2 3.0 1.1 
26.6 14.9 11.7 5.7 4.4 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.1 23.7 11.8 11.9 
11.2 8.4 2.8 3.5 3.5 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.0 8.4 5.2 3.3 
10 17.4 13.3 4.1 7.2 7.0 0.2 0.4 0.5 −0.1 11.4 7.1 4.3 
11 13.3 10.9 2.3 4.8 4.6 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.1 9.5 6.9 2.5 
12 9.3 5.8 3.5 3.8 2.4 1.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 5.9 3.4 2.5 
Median 11.6 8.8 2.6 3.9 3.9 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.0 8.7 5.9 2.5 
Minimum 7.4 5.2 −2.1 1.2 1.7 −1.4 0.3 0.3 −0.1 4.2 3.0 −1.4 
Maximum 26.6 15.5 11.7 7.2 7.0 1.4 0.6 0.7 0.1 23.7 11.9 11.9 
Range 19.2 10.3 13.8 6.0 5.3 2.8 0.3 0.4 0.2 19.5 8.9 13.3 
State% of Children in State Receiving Any Low-Value Service At Least Once in 2014% of Children in State Receiving Any Low-Value Diagnostic Test At Least Once in 2014% of Children in State Receiving Any Low-Value Imaging Test At Least Once in 2014% of Children in State Receiving Any Low-Value Prescription Drug Service At Least Once in 2014
PublicPrivateDifferencePublicPrivateDifferencePublicPrivateDifferencePublicPrivateDifference
7.6 6.0 1.7 1.2 2.5 −1.4 0.3 0.3 −0.1 6.4 3.3 3.1 
15.0 10.2 4.8 4.4 4.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.0 11.8 6.6 5.2 
12.0 9.2 2.8 4.0 3.1 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.0 9.0 6.5 2.5 
7.4 5.2 2.3 2.5 1.7 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 5.2 3.4 1.7 
13.5 15.5 −2.1 3.7 5.1 −1.4 0.6 0.7 −0.1 10.6 11.9 −1.4 
9.0 7.3 1.7 3.8 3.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.0 5.5 3.8 1.7 
9.1 7.4 1.7 5.5 4.7 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.0 4.2 3.0 1.1 
26.6 14.9 11.7 5.7 4.4 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.1 23.7 11.8 11.9 
11.2 8.4 2.8 3.5 3.5 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.0 8.4 5.2 3.3 
10 17.4 13.3 4.1 7.2 7.0 0.2 0.4 0.5 −0.1 11.4 7.1 4.3 
11 13.3 10.9 2.3 4.8 4.6 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.1 9.5 6.9 2.5 
12 9.3 5.8 3.5 3.8 2.4 1.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 5.9 3.4 2.5 
Median 11.6 8.8 2.6 3.9 3.9 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.0 8.7 5.9 2.5 
Minimum 7.4 5.2 −2.1 1.2 1.7 −1.4 0.3 0.3 −0.1 4.2 3.0 −1.4 
Maximum 26.6 15.5 11.7 7.2 7.0 1.4 0.6 0.7 0.1 23.7 11.9 11.9 
Range 19.2 10.3 13.8 6.0 5.3 2.8 0.3 0.4 0.2 19.5 8.9 13.3 

Unadjusted differences may not exactly equal the difference in the numbers from the “Public” and “Private” columns because of rounding.

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