Skip to Main Content
TABLE 1

Definitions

TermDefinition
Bodybuilding Lifting weights with the specific goal of increasing muscle size, symmetry, and definition with the possible goal of entering competitive events that are judged 
Concentric muscle action The muscle shortens during contraction (ie, lifting phase of bicep curl) 
Core strengthening Focusing a strength-building program on the muscles that stabilize the trunk and pelvis of the body; this training emphasizes strengthening the abdominal, low back, and gluteal muscles as well as flexibility of muscular attachments to the pelvis, such as the quadriceps and hamstring muscles 
Eccentric muscle action The muscle lengthens during contraction (ie, lowering phase of bicep curl) 
Integrative neuromuscular training Multimodal exercise program using different types of resistance training to target deficits in strength and motor control by improving both health- and skill-related components of physical fitness 
Isokinetic muscle action This exercise requires special equipment that maintains a fixed speed of muscle contraction throughout the range of motion 
Muscular fitness A global term that includes muscular strength, muscular power, and local muscular endurance 
Physical literacy Moving with confidence and competence in various activities and environments to benefit overall health 
Plyometric exercises Repeated, rapid, eccentric, and concentric muscle actions, such as side-to-side hops or squat jumps 
Powerlifting A competitive sport that involves maximum lifting ability; powerlifting includes the dead lift, back squat, and bench press 
Prehabilitation Strength, flexibility, and functional training aimed at preventing injuries before they happen or reducing the risk of a recurrent injury 
Repetition (rep) One complete movement of an exercise that typically involves lifting and lowering a load 
Repetition maximum (RM) The maximum amount of weight that can be lifted with proper exercise technique using a given resistance; a 1 RM is the maximum resistance that can be used for 1 complete repetition of an exercise, whereas a 10 RM is the maximum resistance that can be used for 10 complete repetitions of an exercise 
Set A group of repetitions performed continuously 
Weightlifting A sport that involves the performance of the snatch and clean-and-jerk exercises in competition 
Weightlifting training The use of weightlifting exercises, movements, and derivatives of these exercises incorporated into a training program 
TermDefinition
Bodybuilding Lifting weights with the specific goal of increasing muscle size, symmetry, and definition with the possible goal of entering competitive events that are judged 
Concentric muscle action The muscle shortens during contraction (ie, lifting phase of bicep curl) 
Core strengthening Focusing a strength-building program on the muscles that stabilize the trunk and pelvis of the body; this training emphasizes strengthening the abdominal, low back, and gluteal muscles as well as flexibility of muscular attachments to the pelvis, such as the quadriceps and hamstring muscles 
Eccentric muscle action The muscle lengthens during contraction (ie, lowering phase of bicep curl) 
Integrative neuromuscular training Multimodal exercise program using different types of resistance training to target deficits in strength and motor control by improving both health- and skill-related components of physical fitness 
Isokinetic muscle action This exercise requires special equipment that maintains a fixed speed of muscle contraction throughout the range of motion 
Muscular fitness A global term that includes muscular strength, muscular power, and local muscular endurance 
Physical literacy Moving with confidence and competence in various activities and environments to benefit overall health 
Plyometric exercises Repeated, rapid, eccentric, and concentric muscle actions, such as side-to-side hops or squat jumps 
Powerlifting A competitive sport that involves maximum lifting ability; powerlifting includes the dead lift, back squat, and bench press 
Prehabilitation Strength, flexibility, and functional training aimed at preventing injuries before they happen or reducing the risk of a recurrent injury 
Repetition (rep) One complete movement of an exercise that typically involves lifting and lowering a load 
Repetition maximum (RM) The maximum amount of weight that can be lifted with proper exercise technique using a given resistance; a 1 RM is the maximum resistance that can be used for 1 complete repetition of an exercise, whereas a 10 RM is the maximum resistance that can be used for 10 complete repetitions of an exercise 
Set A group of repetitions performed continuously 
Weightlifting A sport that involves the performance of the snatch and clean-and-jerk exercises in competition 
Weightlifting training The use of weightlifting exercises, movements, and derivatives of these exercises incorporated into a training program 
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal