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TABLE 2

Baseline Associations With Picky-Eating Trajectory Membership

Picky-Eating Trajectory MembershipP
LowMediumHigh
Maternal characteristics     
 Age, y, mean (SD)a 28.5 (6.13) 29.6 (7.28) 31.1 (9.45) .52 
 Race and/or ethnicity, n (%)     
  Non-Hispanic white 54 (60.0) 119 (68.79) 31 (73.81) .21 
  Hispanic or not white 36 (40.0) 54 (31.21) 11 (26.19)  
 Level of education is high school diploma or more, n (%) 39 (43.33) 89 (51.44) 19 (45.24) .42 
 Parity, mean (SD) 2.02 (0.90) 1.98 (1.23) 1.61 (0.95) .12 
 BMI, mean (SD) 33.4 (9.80) 32.1 (8.70) 31.8 (7.51) .48 
Child characteristics     
 BMIz at baseline, mean (SD) 0.99 (1.08)b 0.75 (1.11)b,c 0.49 (1.04)c .046 
 Male sex, n (%) 34 (37.8)b 103 (60.6)c 20 (47.6)b,c .003 
 Emotional regulation, mean (SD) 3.32 (0.33)b 3.13 (0.39)c 3.05 (0.37)c <.001 
 Emotional lability, mean (SD) 1.82 (0.43)b 2.01 (0.49)c 2.09 (0.48)c .002 
Picky-Eating Trajectory MembershipP
LowMediumHigh
Maternal characteristics     
 Age, y, mean (SD)a 28.5 (6.13) 29.6 (7.28) 31.1 (9.45) .52 
 Race and/or ethnicity, n (%)     
  Non-Hispanic white 54 (60.0) 119 (68.79) 31 (73.81) .21 
  Hispanic or not white 36 (40.0) 54 (31.21) 11 (26.19)  
 Level of education is high school diploma or more, n (%) 39 (43.33) 89 (51.44) 19 (45.24) .42 
 Parity, mean (SD) 2.02 (0.90) 1.98 (1.23) 1.61 (0.95) .12 
 BMI, mean (SD) 33.4 (9.80) 32.1 (8.70) 31.8 (7.51) .48 
Child characteristics     
 BMIz at baseline, mean (SD) 0.99 (1.08)b 0.75 (1.11)b,c 0.49 (1.04)c .046 
 Male sex, n (%) 34 (37.8)b 103 (60.6)c 20 (47.6)b,c .003 
 Emotional regulation, mean (SD) 3.32 (0.33)b 3.13 (0.39)c 3.05 (0.37)c <.001 
 Emotional lability, mean (SD) 1.82 (0.43)b 2.01 (0.49)c 2.09 (0.48)c .002 

Analysis of variance or the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for continuous variables, and the χ2 test was used for categorical variables. Superscripts b and c that differ from one another denote significant differences between low, medium, and high picky-eating trajectories in the row variable.

a

Kruskal-Wallis test.

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