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TABLE 2

Effects of Specific Interventions (N = 68 Hospitals)

Specific InterventionHospitals That Reported Implementing the Intervention, n (%)Effect Outcome, Ratio (95% CI)
Guidance on dosing of bronchodilators via MDI 60 (88) Early administration of MDI: OR 4.11 (2.16–7.84) 
Pathway and/or instructions for standardized bronchodilator titration by nurses or respiratory therapists 51 (75) LOS: RR 0.95 (0.83–1.09) 
Hospital discharge criteria 57 (84) LOS: RR 1.02 (0.93–1.13) 
Reminders to screen for secondhand tobacco exposure 63 (93) Screening for secondhand tobacco: OR 1.12 (0.74–1.7) 
Reminders to refer caretakers who screen positive for tobacco use to smoking cessation resources 62 (91) Smoking cessation resource referral: OR 3.04 (1.64–5.64) 
Specific InterventionHospitals That Reported Implementing the Intervention, n (%)Effect Outcome, Ratio (95% CI)
Guidance on dosing of bronchodilators via MDI 60 (88) Early administration of MDI: OR 4.11 (2.16–7.84) 
Pathway and/or instructions for standardized bronchodilator titration by nurses or respiratory therapists 51 (75) LOS: RR 0.95 (0.83–1.09) 
Hospital discharge criteria 57 (84) LOS: RR 1.02 (0.93–1.13) 
Reminders to screen for secondhand tobacco exposure 63 (93) Screening for secondhand tobacco: OR 1.12 (0.74–1.7) 
Reminders to refer caretakers who screen positive for tobacco use to smoking cessation resources 62 (91) Smoking cessation resource referral: OR 3.04 (1.64–5.64) 

Local implementation leaders were surveyed to collect these data, and 68 of 68 responded (100%). Implementation rates were summarized by using descriptive statistics. Implementation effects were analyzed by using multilevel models with an ITS approach. OR, odds ratio; RR, rate ratio.

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