Skip to Main Content
TABLE 3

School-Level Prevalence of POM and Medical Use of Prescription Opioids by School-Level Characteristics, 2002–2017

School-Level Characteristics (12th Grade)Past-Year POM,a % (95% CI)PbLifetime Medical Use of Prescription Opioids,a % (95% CI)Pb
Private status  <.05  <.01 
 Public school 7.7 (7.4–8.0)  16.4 (15.8–17.1)  
 Private school 6.8 (6.3–7.4)  19.5 (17.9–21.2)  
Urbanicity of school  <.001  <.001 
 Urban 6.5 (6.1–6.9)  13.9 (13.0–14.9)  
 Suburban 8.1 (7.7–8.5)  18.3 (17.4–19.2)  
 Rural 8.0 (7.5–8.5)  18.2 (17.0–19.4)  
School size  .298  .229 
 Small 7.2 (6.7–7.7)  18.8 (16.5–19.2)  
 Medium 7.7 (7.3–8.1)  16.4 (15.5–17.3)  
 High 7.8 (7.5–8.1)  16.5 (15.8–17.2)  
US Census region  <.001  <.001 
 Northeast 7.2 (6.6–7.6)  14.9 (13.7–16.0)  
 Midwest 8.3 (7.7–8.8)  19.0 (17.8–20.2)  
 South 7.0 (6.6–7.3)  15.9 (14.9–16.9)  
 West 8.3 (7.6–8.8)  18.1 (16.7–19.6)  
Percentage with low grades  <.001  <.001 
 Low 6.9 (6.5–7.3)  18.7 (17.7–19.8)  
 Medium 7.9 (7.6–8.3)  17.0 (16.0–18.0)  
 High 7.9 (7.4–8.3)  15.0 (14.0–16.1)  
Percentage male  <.001  <.001 
 Low 6.3 (5.9–6.7)  15.0 (14.0–16.1)  
 Medium 8.0 (7.6–8.4)  17.6 (16.6–18.6)  
 High 8.5 (8.0–8.9)  18.1 (17.0–19.2)  
Parental education (percentage with a BA or higher)  <.001  <.001 
 Low 6.7 (6.2–7.1)  12.4 (11.4–13.3)  
 Medium 8.0 (7.5–8.4)  17.9 (16.9–19.0)  
 High 8.1 (7.7–8.4)  20.4 (19.4–21.4)  
Percentage white  <.001  <.001 
 Low 4.8 (4.5–5.1)  10.5 (9.7–11.4)  
 Medium 8.7 (8.3–9.1)  18.8 (17.9–19.8)  
 High 9.1 (8.6–9.5)  21.2 (20.1–22.3)  
Percentage binge drinking  <.001  <.001 
 None 2.5 (1.3–3.7)  13.9 (7.8–20.1)  
 Low 4.7 (4.5–5.0)  13.4 (12.4–14.5)  
 Medium 7.9 (7.5–8.2)  17.4 (16.3–18.3)  
 High 10.3 (9.8–10.8)  20.1 (19.1–21.1)  
Percentage cigarette use  <.001  <.001 
 None 2.6 (1.3–3.9)  10.9 (4.6–17.3)  
 Low 4.5 (4.2–4.7)  13.9 (12.9–14.9)  
 Medium 7.7 (7.4–8.1)  16.8 (15.9–17.8)  
 High 10.7 (10.3–11.3)  20.2 (19.1–21.3)  
Percentage marijuana use  <.001  <.05 
 None 2.1 (1.1–3.1)  17.9 (11.6–24.2)  
 Low 5.6 (5.3–6.0)  16.0 (14.9–17.1)  
 Medium 7.8 (7.4–8.1)  16.4 (15.5–17.4)  
 High 9.6 (9.1–10.1)  18.3 (17.2–19.3)  
Percentage medical use of prescription opioids (lifetime)  <.001   
 None 4.8 (4.3–5.3)  —  
 Low 6.1 (5.8–6.4)  —  
 Medium 8.5 (8.1–8.9)  —  
 High 10.2 (9.6–10.7)  —  
Percentage POM (past-year)    <.001 
 None —  10.3 (7.7–12.8)  
 Low —  12.2 (11.2–13.2)  
 Medium —  17.4 (16.4–18.4)  
 High —  22.6 (21.6–23.6)  
School-Level Characteristics (12th Grade)Past-Year POM,a % (95% CI)PbLifetime Medical Use of Prescription Opioids,a % (95% CI)Pb
Private status  <.05  <.01 
 Public school 7.7 (7.4–8.0)  16.4 (15.8–17.1)  
 Private school 6.8 (6.3–7.4)  19.5 (17.9–21.2)  
Urbanicity of school  <.001  <.001 
 Urban 6.5 (6.1–6.9)  13.9 (13.0–14.9)  
 Suburban 8.1 (7.7–8.5)  18.3 (17.4–19.2)  
 Rural 8.0 (7.5–8.5)  18.2 (17.0–19.4)  
School size  .298  .229 
 Small 7.2 (6.7–7.7)  18.8 (16.5–19.2)  
 Medium 7.7 (7.3–8.1)  16.4 (15.5–17.3)  
 High 7.8 (7.5–8.1)  16.5 (15.8–17.2)  
US Census region  <.001  <.001 
 Northeast 7.2 (6.6–7.6)  14.9 (13.7–16.0)  
 Midwest 8.3 (7.7–8.8)  19.0 (17.8–20.2)  
 South 7.0 (6.6–7.3)  15.9 (14.9–16.9)  
 West 8.3 (7.6–8.8)  18.1 (16.7–19.6)  
Percentage with low grades  <.001  <.001 
 Low 6.9 (6.5–7.3)  18.7 (17.7–19.8)  
 Medium 7.9 (7.6–8.3)  17.0 (16.0–18.0)  
 High 7.9 (7.4–8.3)  15.0 (14.0–16.1)  
Percentage male  <.001  <.001 
 Low 6.3 (5.9–6.7)  15.0 (14.0–16.1)  
 Medium 8.0 (7.6–8.4)  17.6 (16.6–18.6)  
 High 8.5 (8.0–8.9)  18.1 (17.0–19.2)  
Parental education (percentage with a BA or higher)  <.001  <.001 
 Low 6.7 (6.2–7.1)  12.4 (11.4–13.3)  
 Medium 8.0 (7.5–8.4)  17.9 (16.9–19.0)  
 High 8.1 (7.7–8.4)  20.4 (19.4–21.4)  
Percentage white  <.001  <.001 
 Low 4.8 (4.5–5.1)  10.5 (9.7–11.4)  
 Medium 8.7 (8.3–9.1)  18.8 (17.9–19.8)  
 High 9.1 (8.6–9.5)  21.2 (20.1–22.3)  
Percentage binge drinking  <.001  <.001 
 None 2.5 (1.3–3.7)  13.9 (7.8–20.1)  
 Low 4.7 (4.5–5.0)  13.4 (12.4–14.5)  
 Medium 7.9 (7.5–8.2)  17.4 (16.3–18.3)  
 High 10.3 (9.8–10.8)  20.1 (19.1–21.1)  
Percentage cigarette use  <.001  <.001 
 None 2.6 (1.3–3.9)  10.9 (4.6–17.3)  
 Low 4.5 (4.2–4.7)  13.9 (12.9–14.9)  
 Medium 7.7 (7.4–8.1)  16.8 (15.9–17.8)  
 High 10.7 (10.3–11.3)  20.2 (19.1–21.3)  
Percentage marijuana use  <.001  <.05 
 None 2.1 (1.1–3.1)  17.9 (11.6–24.2)  
 Low 5.6 (5.3–6.0)  16.0 (14.9–17.1)  
 Medium 7.8 (7.4–8.1)  16.4 (15.5–17.4)  
 High 9.6 (9.1–10.1)  18.3 (17.2–19.3)  
Percentage medical use of prescription opioids (lifetime)  <.001   
 None 4.8 (4.3–5.3)  —  
 Low 6.1 (5.8–6.4)  —  
 Medium 8.5 (8.1–8.9)  —  
 High 10.2 (9.6–10.7)  —  
Percentage POM (past-year)    <.001 
 None —  10.3 (7.7–12.8)  
 Low —  12.2 (11.2–13.2)  
 Medium —  17.4 (16.4–18.4)  
 High —  22.6 (21.6–23.6)  

BA, bachelor’s degree; —, not applicable.

a

Percentage POM, mean = 7.6%, SD = 0.055; percentage medical use of prescription opioids, mean = 16.9%, SD = 0.136.

b

F-test P values indicate whether rates of POM and medical use of prescription opioids significantly vary by school-level characteristics.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal