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TABLE 1

Failure Rates by Survey Question in the Baseline Versus Intervention Periods

QuestionCategory of FailureDefinition of Incorrect AnswerFailed in Baseline Period (n = 157), n (%)Failed in Intervention Period (n = 249), n (%)P
Did you go home on any medications? Unaware prescription exists Unaware child was to continue taking medication after discharge 0 (0) 0 (0) NA 
What medication was it? Unaware of name or class Unaware of or wrong medication name or class 3 (1.9) 2 (0.8) .38a 
Did you have any trouble getting it from the pharmacy? Pharmacy trouble Did not pick up medication or delay in obtaining medication 10 (6.4) 9 (3.6) .20 
When did you start the medication? Wrong start time Missed dose between discharge and when next dose was due 25 (15.9) 26 (10.4) .11 
How much medication are you giving? Wrong dose Unaware of dose or reported that dose differs by >10% of prescription26  12 (7.6) 7 (2.8) .03 
How many times a day are you giving the medication? Wrong interval Unaware of interval or reported interval does not match prescription 5 (3.2) 4 (1.6) .32a 
Was there ever a time you had to miss a dose? Missed doses <80% reported adherence to dosing regimen27  10 (6.4) 11 (4.4) .39 
How long will you give the medication for? Wrong duration Unaware of total duration, stopped medication early and so is at <80% adherence,27  or unaware that medication is chronic and has no end date 26 (16.6) 12 (4.8) <.001 
What are you watching for to know the medication is working? Unaware of desired effects Unaware of or never told why child is taking medication; unaware of or never told how to know child is improved 18 (11.5) 1 (0.40) <.001 
Are there any side effects of the medication you are looking for? Unaware of expected side effects Unaware of or never told about any side effects of medication 82 (52.2) 69 (27.7) <.001 
QuestionCategory of FailureDefinition of Incorrect AnswerFailed in Baseline Period (n = 157), n (%)Failed in Intervention Period (n = 249), n (%)P
Did you go home on any medications? Unaware prescription exists Unaware child was to continue taking medication after discharge 0 (0) 0 (0) NA 
What medication was it? Unaware of name or class Unaware of or wrong medication name or class 3 (1.9) 2 (0.8) .38a 
Did you have any trouble getting it from the pharmacy? Pharmacy trouble Did not pick up medication or delay in obtaining medication 10 (6.4) 9 (3.6) .20 
When did you start the medication? Wrong start time Missed dose between discharge and when next dose was due 25 (15.9) 26 (10.4) .11 
How much medication are you giving? Wrong dose Unaware of dose or reported that dose differs by >10% of prescription26  12 (7.6) 7 (2.8) .03 
How many times a day are you giving the medication? Wrong interval Unaware of interval or reported interval does not match prescription 5 (3.2) 4 (1.6) .32a 
Was there ever a time you had to miss a dose? Missed doses <80% reported adherence to dosing regimen27  10 (6.4) 11 (4.4) .39 
How long will you give the medication for? Wrong duration Unaware of total duration, stopped medication early and so is at <80% adherence,27  or unaware that medication is chronic and has no end date 26 (16.6) 12 (4.8) <.001 
What are you watching for to know the medication is working? Unaware of desired effects Unaware of or never told why child is taking medication; unaware of or never told how to know child is improved 18 (11.5) 1 (0.40) <.001 
Are there any side effects of the medication you are looking for? Unaware of expected side effects Unaware of or never told about any side effects of medication 82 (52.2) 69 (27.7) <.001 

NA, not applicable.

a

Fisher’s exact test was used.

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