Skip to Main Content
TABLE 2

Baseline and Intervention Period Cohort Characteristics

Total PatientsBaseline (n = 157)Intervention (n = 249)P
Female sex, n (%) 76 (48.4) 101 (40.6) .12 
Age, y, median (IQR) 3.0 (1.6 to 6.0) 4 (1.9 to 6.0) .31 
SES, median (IQR)a −3.0 (−6.6 to −1.2) −3.1 (−6.5 to −1.1) .93 
Race and/or ethnicity, n (%)   .09 
 Hispanic 61 (38.8) 98 (39.4)  
 Non-Hispanic Black 53 (33.8) 86 (34.5)  
 Non-Hispanic other 24 (15.3) 51 (20.5)  
 Unavailable or declined 19 (12.1) 14 (5.6)  
No. eligible medications, n (%)   .03 
 1 118 (75.2) 209 (83.9)  
 ≥2 39 (24.8) 40 (16.1)  
Type of eligible medication, n (%)   <.001 
 Corticosteroid 50 (31.9) 115 (46.2)  
 Antimicrobial 67 (42.7) 124 (49.8)  
 Antiviral 23 (14.6) 5 (2.0)  
 Other 17 (10.8) 5 (2.0)  
Used hospital-based pharmacy, n (%) 88 (56.1) 159 (63.9) .12 
Median monthly average daily census of the 2 participating units (IQR)b 54.6 (46.2 to 55) 47.9 (43.9 to 50.1) .11 
Average case-mix index of the 2 participating units, median (IQR)b 1.1 (1 to 1.3) 1.2 (1.1 to 1.2) .65 
Total PatientsBaseline (n = 157)Intervention (n = 249)P
Female sex, n (%) 76 (48.4) 101 (40.6) .12 
Age, y, median (IQR) 3.0 (1.6 to 6.0) 4 (1.9 to 6.0) .31 
SES, median (IQR)a −3.0 (−6.6 to −1.2) −3.1 (−6.5 to −1.1) .93 
Race and/or ethnicity, n (%)   .09 
 Hispanic 61 (38.8) 98 (39.4)  
 Non-Hispanic Black 53 (33.8) 86 (34.5)  
 Non-Hispanic other 24 (15.3) 51 (20.5)  
 Unavailable or declined 19 (12.1) 14 (5.6)  
No. eligible medications, n (%)   .03 
 1 118 (75.2) 209 (83.9)  
 ≥2 39 (24.8) 40 (16.1)  
Type of eligible medication, n (%)   <.001 
 Corticosteroid 50 (31.9) 115 (46.2)  
 Antimicrobial 67 (42.7) 124 (49.8)  
 Antiviral 23 (14.6) 5 (2.0)  
 Other 17 (10.8) 5 (2.0)  
Used hospital-based pharmacy, n (%) 88 (56.1) 159 (63.9) .12 
Median monthly average daily census of the 2 participating units (IQR)b 54.6 (46.2 to 55) 47.9 (43.9 to 50.1) .11 
Average case-mix index of the 2 participating units, median (IQR)b 1.1 (1 to 1.3) 1.2 (1.1 to 1.2) .65 

Continuous variables are presented as median (IQR); categorical variables are presented as n (%). IQR, interquartile range.

a

SES is calculated from small census tract data based on the child’s home address, and the deviation from the mean SES of the New York State population is reported as a z score29 ; sample size: n = 151 (baseline), n = 248 (intervention).

b

Based on all hospital admissions on those 2 units during the study period.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal