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TABLE 2

Baseline Equivalence of Treatment and Control Groups by Site

NYC (n = 200)Pittsburgh (n = 203)
SB (n = 101)Control (n = 99)SB (n = 100)Control (n = 103)
Child characteristics, %     
 Female sex 44.6 53.5 51.0 49.5 
 Race and/or ethnicity     
  Asian American 2.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 
  Black/African American 11.2 5.1 87.9 92.2 
  White 1.0 1.0 6.1 3.9 
  Latinx 79.6 87.8 4.0 0.0 
  Other 6.1 5.1 2.0 3.9 
Primary caregiver characteristics, %     
 Race and/or ethnicity     
  Asian American 2.0 4.1 0.0 0.0 
  Black/African American 11.1 4.1 79.8 82.5 
  White 2.0 2.0 12.1 12.6 
  Latinx 80.8 87.8 5.1 1.9 
  Other 4.0 2.0 3.0 2.9 
 Marital status     
  Married 32.7 30.9 6.0 2.9 
  Cohabitating partner 44.9 52.6 38.0 35.0 
  Noncohabitating partner 13.3 8.3 32.0 37.9 
  Biological father current partner 96.5 98.8 92.1 96.2 
 Education     
  High school graduate 61.6 50.5 86.0 81.6 
  Some college 36.4 26.8 43.0 31.1 
 Primiparous birth 37.4 33.7 30.0 35.0 
 Teenage mother 4.0 4.0 5.0 12.6 
Family household characteristics     
 Income-to-needs ratioa, mean (SD) 0.87 (0.67) 0.77 (0.53) 0.68 (0.60) 0.60 (0.60) 
 Crowding ratiob, mean (SD) 1.38 (0.54) 1.43 (0.61) 0.85 (0.30) 0.87 (0.32) 
 Language of interview, Spanish, % 57.6 65.3 0.0 0.0 
NYC (n = 200)Pittsburgh (n = 203)
SB (n = 101)Control (n = 99)SB (n = 100)Control (n = 103)
Child characteristics, %     
 Female sex 44.6 53.5 51.0 49.5 
 Race and/or ethnicity     
  Asian American 2.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 
  Black/African American 11.2 5.1 87.9 92.2 
  White 1.0 1.0 6.1 3.9 
  Latinx 79.6 87.8 4.0 0.0 
  Other 6.1 5.1 2.0 3.9 
Primary caregiver characteristics, %     
 Race and/or ethnicity     
  Asian American 2.0 4.1 0.0 0.0 
  Black/African American 11.1 4.1 79.8 82.5 
  White 2.0 2.0 12.1 12.6 
  Latinx 80.8 87.8 5.1 1.9 
  Other 4.0 2.0 3.0 2.9 
 Marital status     
  Married 32.7 30.9 6.0 2.9 
  Cohabitating partner 44.9 52.6 38.0 35.0 
  Noncohabitating partner 13.3 8.3 32.0 37.9 
  Biological father current partner 96.5 98.8 92.1 96.2 
 Education     
  High school graduate 61.6 50.5 86.0 81.6 
  Some college 36.4 26.8 43.0 31.1 
 Primiparous birth 37.4 33.7 30.0 35.0 
 Teenage mother 4.0 4.0 5.0 12.6 
Family household characteristics     
 Income-to-needs ratioa, mean (SD) 0.87 (0.67) 0.77 (0.53) 0.68 (0.60) 0.60 (0.60) 
 Crowding ratiob, mean (SD) 1.38 (0.54) 1.43 (0.61) 0.85 (0.30) 0.87 (0.32) 
 Language of interview, Spanish, % 57.6 65.3 0.0 0.0 
a

Income-to-needs ratio of 1.00 indicates that a family is right at the poverty threshold; 2.00 indicates that a family is 200% above that threshold.

b

The crowding ratio indicates how many people live per room in the dwelling. A ratio >1 indicates household crowding.

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