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TABLE 1

Demographics of Study Population

DemographicN = 39 445
Race and ethnicity, N (%)  
 NH white 7526 (19.1%) 
 NH black 19 906 (50.5%) 
 Hispanic 8000 (20.3%) 
 Other 3063 (7.8%) 
 Missing 950 (2.4%) 
Sex, N (%)  
Male 21 350 (54.1%) 
Female 18 095 (45.9%) 
Age group  
 0–1 20 857 (52.9%) 
 2–4 10 142 (25.7%) 
 5–9 5461 (13.8%) 
 10–18 2985 (7.6%) 
Insurance status, N (%)  
 Private 6732 (17.1%) 
 Medicaid 30 572 (77.5%) 
 Self-pay 1619 (4.1%) 
 Other 343 (0.9%) 
 Missing 179 (0.5%) 
Triage acuity level, N (%)  
 5 (lowest acuity) 9404 (23.8%) 
 4 19 891 (50.4%) 
 3 7708 (19.5%) 
 2 1576 (4.0%) 
 1 (highest acuity) 10 (0.0%) 
 Missing 856 (2.2%) 
ED site, N (%)  
 A 6011 (15.2%) 
 B 4583 (11.6%) 
 C 6786 (17.2%) 
 D 7650 (19.4%) 
 E 3062 (7.8%) 
 F 7335 (18.6%) 
 G 4018 (10.2%) 
ED type, N (%)  
 Main PED 27 782 (70.4%) 
 Satellite ED 11 663 (29.6%) 
Provider type, N (%)  
 PEM attending 13 219 (33.5%) 
 Pediatrician 12 940 (32.8%) 
 General emergency medicine attending 50 (0.13%) 
 Fellow 2111 (5.4%) 
 PA/NP 9374 (23.8%) 
 Other 923 (2.3%) 
 Multiple attending physicians 828 (2.1%) 
DemographicN = 39 445
Race and ethnicity, N (%)  
 NH white 7526 (19.1%) 
 NH black 19 906 (50.5%) 
 Hispanic 8000 (20.3%) 
 Other 3063 (7.8%) 
 Missing 950 (2.4%) 
Sex, N (%)  
Male 21 350 (54.1%) 
Female 18 095 (45.9%) 
Age group  
 0–1 20 857 (52.9%) 
 2–4 10 142 (25.7%) 
 5–9 5461 (13.8%) 
 10–18 2985 (7.6%) 
Insurance status, N (%)  
 Private 6732 (17.1%) 
 Medicaid 30 572 (77.5%) 
 Self-pay 1619 (4.1%) 
 Other 343 (0.9%) 
 Missing 179 (0.5%) 
Triage acuity level, N (%)  
 5 (lowest acuity) 9404 (23.8%) 
 4 19 891 (50.4%) 
 3 7708 (19.5%) 
 2 1576 (4.0%) 
 1 (highest acuity) 10 (0.0%) 
 Missing 856 (2.2%) 
ED site, N (%)  
 A 6011 (15.2%) 
 B 4583 (11.6%) 
 C 6786 (17.2%) 
 D 7650 (19.4%) 
 E 3062 (7.8%) 
 F 7335 (18.6%) 
 G 4018 (10.2%) 
ED type, N (%)  
 Main PED 27 782 (70.4%) 
 Satellite ED 11 663 (29.6%) 
Provider type, N (%)  
 PEM attending 13 219 (33.5%) 
 Pediatrician 12 940 (32.8%) 
 General emergency medicine attending 50 (0.13%) 
 Fellow 2111 (5.4%) 
 PA/NP 9374 (23.8%) 
 Other 923 (2.3%) 
 Multiple attending physicians 828 (2.1%) 

PA, physician assistant; NP, nurse practitioner.

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