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TABLE 2

Early Childhood Outcomes by Different Levels of Poverty at Birth (n = 46 589)

OutcomesGroup 1A: Household and Neighborhood Poverty at Birth (n = 2951)Group 1B: Household Poverty Only at Birth (n = 2766)Group 1C: Neighborhood Poverty Only (n = 5902)Group 2: Not Born Into Poverty (n = 34 970)
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)
Not ready for school (EDI) on 1 or more domain 1499 (50.8)a 1348 (48.7)a 1754 (29.7)a 7740 (22.1) 
Before age 5     
 Placed in out-of-home care 713 (24.2)a 482 (17.4)a 181 (3.1)a 269 (0.8) 
 Diagnosed with externalizing mental condition 233 (7.9)a 204 (7.4)a 237 (4.0)a 1222 (3.5) 
 Diagnosed with asthma 934 (31.7)a 799 (28.9)a 1239 (21.0)a 6797 (19.4) 
 Hospitalized for an injury 62 (2.1)a 44 (1.6)a 56 (1.0)a 220 (0.6) 
OutcomesGroup 1A: Household and Neighborhood Poverty at Birth (n = 2951)Group 1B: Household Poverty Only at Birth (n = 2766)Group 1C: Neighborhood Poverty Only (n = 5902)Group 2: Not Born Into Poverty (n = 34 970)
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)
Not ready for school (EDI) on 1 or more domain 1499 (50.8)a 1348 (48.7)a 1754 (29.7)a 7740 (22.1) 
Before age 5     
 Placed in out-of-home care 713 (24.2)a 482 (17.4)a 181 (3.1)a 269 (0.8) 
 Diagnosed with externalizing mental condition 233 (7.9)a 204 (7.4)a 237 (4.0)a 1222 (3.5) 
 Diagnosed with asthma 934 (31.7)a 799 (28.9)a 1239 (21.0)a 6797 (19.4) 
 Hospitalized for an injury 62 (2.1)a 44 (1.6)a 56 (1.0)a 220 (0.6) 

EDI, early development instrument.

a

Significantly (at P < .05) different from Group 2.

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