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TABLE 5

Proportion of Population With Childhood Outcomes Before Age 5, by Trajectories and Type of Poverty

Placed in Out-of-Home CareExternalizing Mental Condition DiagnosisAsthma DiagnosisInjury Hospitalization
Trajectory 1: born in household poverty (n = 4610)     
 Stayed in household poverty to age 5 (n = 3904) 23.9 7.9 30.5 2.1 
 Transitioned out of poverty before age 2 (n = 347) 5.5 5.5 25.1 0.9 
 Transitioned out of poverty after age 2 (n = 359) 12.3 10.3 30.6 1.1 
Trajectory 2: born in neighborhood poverty (n = 5070)     
 Stayed in neighborhood poverty to age 5 (n = 2290) 4.0 3.8 22.3 1.3 
 Moved out of poverty before age 2 (n = 1656) 0.5 4.4 18.8 0.7 
 Moved out of poverty after age 2 (n = 1124) 0.8 2.6 19.3 0.4 
Trajectory 3: not born in poverty (n = 31 581)     
 Stayed out of poverty to age 5 (n = 29 561) 0.2 3.3 19.0 0.6 
 Moved into neighborhood poverty before age 2 (n = 981) 0.5 3.1 18.9 0.2 
 Moved into neighborhood poverty after age 2 (n = 1039) 0.4 2.9 18.1 1.1 
Trajectory 4: not born in poverty (n = 30 470)     
 Stayed out of poverty to age 5 (n = 29 561) 0.2 3.3 19.0 0.6 
 Transitioned into household poverty before age 2 (n = 497) 10.3 5.0 23.3 1.0 
 Transitioned into household poverty after age 2 (n = 412) 6.3 4.6 23.1 0.7 
Placed in Out-of-Home CareExternalizing Mental Condition DiagnosisAsthma DiagnosisInjury Hospitalization
Trajectory 1: born in household poverty (n = 4610)     
 Stayed in household poverty to age 5 (n = 3904) 23.9 7.9 30.5 2.1 
 Transitioned out of poverty before age 2 (n = 347) 5.5 5.5 25.1 0.9 
 Transitioned out of poverty after age 2 (n = 359) 12.3 10.3 30.6 1.1 
Trajectory 2: born in neighborhood poverty (n = 5070)     
 Stayed in neighborhood poverty to age 5 (n = 2290) 4.0 3.8 22.3 1.3 
 Moved out of poverty before age 2 (n = 1656) 0.5 4.4 18.8 0.7 
 Moved out of poverty after age 2 (n = 1124) 0.8 2.6 19.3 0.4 
Trajectory 3: not born in poverty (n = 31 581)     
 Stayed out of poverty to age 5 (n = 29 561) 0.2 3.3 19.0 0.6 
 Moved into neighborhood poverty before age 2 (n = 981) 0.5 3.1 18.9 0.2 
 Moved into neighborhood poverty after age 2 (n = 1039) 0.4 2.9 18.1 1.1 
Trajectory 4: not born in poverty (n = 30 470)     
 Stayed out of poverty to age 5 (n = 29 561) 0.2 3.3 19.0 0.6 
 Transitioned into household poverty before age 2 (n = 497) 10.3 5.0 23.3 1.0 
 Transitioned into household poverty after age 2 (n = 412) 6.3 4.6 23.1 0.7 
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