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TABLE 1

Suspicion of Child Abuse in Ambulatory Children on the Basis of Characteristics of Bruises14,15,17 

Less Suspicious for Child AbuseMore Suspicious for Child Abuse
Forehead Location 
Under chin  Face 
Elbows  Ears 
Lower arms  Neck 
Hips  Upper arms 
Shins  Trunk 
Ankles  Hands 
 Genitalia 
 Buttocks 
 Anterior, medial thighs 
Pattern 
 Slap or hand marks 
 Object marks 
 Bite marks 
 Bruises in clusters 
 Multiple bruises of uniform shape 
 Large cumulative size of bruising 
Less Suspicious for Child AbuseMore Suspicious for Child Abuse
Forehead Location 
Under chin  Face 
Elbows  Ears 
Lower arms  Neck 
Hips  Upper arms 
Shins  Trunk 
Ankles  Hands 
 Genitalia 
 Buttocks 
 Anterior, medial thighs 
Pattern 
 Slap or hand marks 
 Object marks 
 Bite marks 
 Bruises in clusters 
 Multiple bruises of uniform shape 
 Large cumulative size of bruising 
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