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TABLE 2

Office Emergency Drugs

Prioritya
Drugs  
    Oxygen 
    Albuterol for inhalationb 
    Epinephrine (1:1000) 
    Activated charcoal 
    Antibiotics 
    Anticonvulsant agents (diazepam, lorazepam) 
    Corticosteroids (parenteral/oral) 
    Dextrose (25%) 
    Diphenhydramine (parenteral, 50 mg/mL) 
    Epinephrine (1:10 000) 
    Atropine sulfate (0.1 mg/mL) 
    Naloxone (0.4 mg/mL) 
    Sodium bicarbonate (4.2%) 
Fluids  
    Normal saline solution or lactated Ringer's solution (500-mL bags) 
    5% Dextrose, 0.45 normal saline (500-mL bags) 
Prioritya
Drugs  
    Oxygen 
    Albuterol for inhalationb 
    Epinephrine (1:1000) 
    Activated charcoal 
    Antibiotics 
    Anticonvulsant agents (diazepam, lorazepam) 
    Corticosteroids (parenteral/oral) 
    Dextrose (25%) 
    Diphenhydramine (parenteral, 50 mg/mL) 
    Epinephrine (1:10 000) 
    Atropine sulfate (0.1 mg/mL) 
    Naloxone (0.4 mg/mL) 
    Sodium bicarbonate (4.2%) 
Fluids  
    Normal saline solution or lactated Ringer's solution (500-mL bags) 
    5% Dextrose, 0.45 normal saline (500-mL bags) 
a

E indicates essential; S strongly suggested (essential if EMS response time is more than 10 minutes).

b

Metered-dose inhaler with spacer or mask may be substituted.

Adapted from: American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine. Emergency Medical Services for Children: The Role of the Primary Care Provider. Singer J, Ludwig S, eds. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 1992.

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