TABLE 5

. | CPAP . | nHF . | Difference (95% CI) . | P
. |
---|---|---|---|---|

With back-up CPAP (trial) | ||||

“Near to NICU” hospitals, n | 167 | 152 | ||

Cost, A$ | 22 260 | 20 142 | 2117 (−3025 to 2732) | .31 |

Effectiveness, intubation rate, % | 9.4 | 8.6 | 0.8 (−5.6 to 2.0) | .80 |

Effectiveness, transfer rate, % | 13.4 | 10.2 | 3.2 (−3.7 to 4.9) | .34 |

“Far from NICU” hospitals, n | 171 | 186 | ||

Cost, A$ | 18 944 | 21 622 | −2678 (−3025 to 2732) | .20 |

Effectiveness, intubation rate, % | 2.4 | 6.6 | −4.2 (−5.6 to 2.0) | .07 |

Effectiveness, transfer rate, % | 4.8 | 6.6 | −1.8 (−3.7 to 4.9) | .49 |

No back-up CPAP (hypothetical) | ||||

“Near to NICU” hospitals, n | 167 | 152 | ||

Cost, A$ | 22 260 | 20 421 | 1839 (−3892 to 1874) | .38 |

Effectiveness, intubation rate, % | 9.4 | 12.9 | −3.5 (−12.5 to −3.5) | .29 |

Effectiveness, transfer rate, % | 13.4 | 15.1 | −1.6 (−11.5 to −1.5) | .67 |

“Far from NICU” hospitals, n | 171 | 186 | ||

Cost, A$ | 18 944 | 23 617 | −4673 (−3892 to 1874) | .03 |

Effectiveness, intubation rate, % | 2.4 | 9.8 | −7.5 (−12.5 to −3.5) | .005 |

Effectiveness, transfer rate, % | 4.8 | 17.8 | −13.0 (−11.5 to −1.5) | <.001 |

. | CPAP . | nHF . | Difference (95% CI) . | P
. |
---|---|---|---|---|

With back-up CPAP (trial) | ||||

“Near to NICU” hospitals, n | 167 | 152 | ||

Cost, A$ | 22 260 | 20 142 | 2117 (−3025 to 2732) | .31 |

Effectiveness, intubation rate, % | 9.4 | 8.6 | 0.8 (−5.6 to 2.0) | .80 |

Effectiveness, transfer rate, % | 13.4 | 10.2 | 3.2 (−3.7 to 4.9) | .34 |

“Far from NICU” hospitals, n | 171 | 186 | ||

Cost, A$ | 18 944 | 21 622 | −2678 (−3025 to 2732) | .20 |

Effectiveness, intubation rate, % | 2.4 | 6.6 | −4.2 (−5.6 to 2.0) | .07 |

Effectiveness, transfer rate, % | 4.8 | 6.6 | −1.8 (−3.7 to 4.9) | .49 |

No back-up CPAP (hypothetical) | ||||

“Near to NICU” hospitals, n | 167 | 152 | ||

Cost, A$ | 22 260 | 20 421 | 1839 (−3892 to 1874) | .38 |

Effectiveness, intubation rate, % | 9.4 | 12.9 | −3.5 (−12.5 to −3.5) | .29 |

Effectiveness, transfer rate, % | 13.4 | 15.1 | −1.6 (−11.5 to −1.5) | .67 |

“Far from NICU” hospitals, n | 171 | 186 | ||

Cost, A$ | 18 944 | 23 617 | −4673 (−3892 to 1874) | .03 |

Effectiveness, intubation rate, % | 2.4 | 9.8 | −7.5 (−12.5 to −3.5) | .005 |

Effectiveness, transfer rate, % | 4.8 | 17.8 | −13.0 (−11.5 to −1.5) | <.001 |

The 9 participating centers were divided into 2 groups. The “Near to NICU” hospitals consisted of 6 hospitals with road distance to the nearest tertiary NICU <30 km. The “Far from NICU” hospitals consisted of 3 hospitals with the nearest tertiary NICU at least 70 km away.

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