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TABLE 2

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Children With ADHD

N = 41
Sex, n (%)  
 Male 27 (65.9) 
 Female 14 (34.1) 
Age, mean ± SD, y 11 ± 3.3 
Age group, n (%)  
 3–5 y old 1 (2.4) 
 6–11 y old 24 (58.5) 
 12–17 y old 16 (39) 
Ethnicity, n (%)  
 Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin 15 (36.6) 
 Not of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin 26 (63.4) 
Race, n (%)  
 Black or African American 23 (56.1) 
 White 8 (36.6) 
 American Indian or Alaskan native 2 (4.9) 
 Asian American, native Hawaiian, or other Pacific Islander 0 (0) 
 Other race 6 (14.6) 
 >1 race 5 (12.2) 
Health insurance, n (%)  
 Public 25 (62.5) 
 Commercial or private 15 (37.5) 
Other psychiatric conditions, n (%)  
 Behavioral or conduct problem 25 (61) 
 Depression or anxiety 16 (39) 
 Any other mental health condition 2 (4.9) 
Other developmental conditions, n (%)  
 Speech or other language 12 (29.3) 
 Learning disabilities 12 (29.3) 
 Developmental delay 10 (24.4) 
Medical conditions, n (%)  
 Asthma 18 (43.9) 
 Allergies 17 (41.5) 
 Epilepsy or seizures 2 (4.9) 
 Frequent headaches, including migraine 2 (4.9) 
 Arthritis 1 (2.4) 
Treatment history, n (%)  
 Ever taken medication for ADHD 40 (97.6) 
 Currently taking medication for ADHD 38 (97.4) 
 Ever received therapy 36 (87.8) 
 Currently has special school services 37 (90.2) 
Repeated a grade, n (%) 5 (12.2) 
CBCL syndrome scales, mean (SD)  
 Anxious or depressed 58.6 (9.4) 
 Withdrawn or depressed 59.7 (7.7) 
 Somatic complaints 60.1 (9.9) 
 Social problems 60.6 (8.3) 
 Thought problems 61.4 (8.5) 
 Attention problems 65.7 (7.0) 
 Rule-breaking behavior 60.9 (7.4) 
 Aggressive behavior 64.5 (9.8) 
Borderline and clinically elevated CBCL scales, n (%)  
 Anxious or depressed 10 (27) 
 Withdrawn or depressed 10 (27) 
 Somatic complaints 10 (27) 
 Social problems 9 (24.3) 
 Thought problems 13 (35.1) 
 Attention problems 23 (63.9) 
 Rule-breaking behavior 10 (27) 
 Aggressive behavior 15 (42.9) 
N = 41
Sex, n (%)  
 Male 27 (65.9) 
 Female 14 (34.1) 
Age, mean ± SD, y 11 ± 3.3 
Age group, n (%)  
 3–5 y old 1 (2.4) 
 6–11 y old 24 (58.5) 
 12–17 y old 16 (39) 
Ethnicity, n (%)  
 Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin 15 (36.6) 
 Not of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin 26 (63.4) 
Race, n (%)  
 Black or African American 23 (56.1) 
 White 8 (36.6) 
 American Indian or Alaskan native 2 (4.9) 
 Asian American, native Hawaiian, or other Pacific Islander 0 (0) 
 Other race 6 (14.6) 
 >1 race 5 (12.2) 
Health insurance, n (%)  
 Public 25 (62.5) 
 Commercial or private 15 (37.5) 
Other psychiatric conditions, n (%)  
 Behavioral or conduct problem 25 (61) 
 Depression or anxiety 16 (39) 
 Any other mental health condition 2 (4.9) 
Other developmental conditions, n (%)  
 Speech or other language 12 (29.3) 
 Learning disabilities 12 (29.3) 
 Developmental delay 10 (24.4) 
Medical conditions, n (%)  
 Asthma 18 (43.9) 
 Allergies 17 (41.5) 
 Epilepsy or seizures 2 (4.9) 
 Frequent headaches, including migraine 2 (4.9) 
 Arthritis 1 (2.4) 
Treatment history, n (%)  
 Ever taken medication for ADHD 40 (97.6) 
 Currently taking medication for ADHD 38 (97.4) 
 Ever received therapy 36 (87.8) 
 Currently has special school services 37 (90.2) 
Repeated a grade, n (%) 5 (12.2) 
CBCL syndrome scales, mean (SD)  
 Anxious or depressed 58.6 (9.4) 
 Withdrawn or depressed 59.7 (7.7) 
 Somatic complaints 60.1 (9.9) 
 Social problems 60.6 (8.3) 
 Thought problems 61.4 (8.5) 
 Attention problems 65.7 (7.0) 
 Rule-breaking behavior 60.9 (7.4) 
 Aggressive behavior 64.5 (9.8) 
Borderline and clinically elevated CBCL scales, n (%)  
 Anxious or depressed 10 (27) 
 Withdrawn or depressed 10 (27) 
 Somatic complaints 10 (27) 
 Social problems 9 (24.3) 
 Thought problems 13 (35.1) 
 Attention problems 23 (63.9) 
 Rule-breaking behavior 10 (27) 
 Aggressive behavior 15 (42.9) 

CBCL, Child Behavior Checklist.

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