Skip to Main Content
TABLE 1

Classification of Sports According to Contact

ContactLimited-ContactNoncontact
Basketball Adventure racinga Badminton 
Boxingb Baseball Bodybuildingc 
Cheerleading Bicycling Bowling 
Diving Canoeing or kayaking (white water) Canoeing or kayaking (flat water) 
Extreme sportsd Fencing Crew or rowing 
Field hockey Field events Curling 
Football, tackle     High jump Dance 
Gymnastics     Pole vault Field events 
Ice hockeye Floor hockey     Discus 
Lacrosse Football, flag or touch     Javelin 
Martial artsf Handball     Shot-put 
Rodeo Horseback riding Golf 
Rugby Martial artsf Orienteeringg 
Skiing, downhill Racquetball Power liftingc 
Ski jumping Skating Race walking 
Snowboarding     Ice Riflery 
Soccer     In-line Rope jumping 
Team handball     Roller Running 
Ultimate Frisbee Skiing Sailing 
Water polo     Cross-country Scuba diving 
Wrestling     Water Swimming 
 Skateboarding Table tennis 
 Softball Tennis 
 Squash Track 
 Volleyball  
 Weight lifting  
 Windsurfing or surfing  
ContactLimited-ContactNoncontact
Basketball Adventure racinga Badminton 
Boxingb Baseball Bodybuildingc 
Cheerleading Bicycling Bowling 
Diving Canoeing or kayaking (white water) Canoeing or kayaking (flat water) 
Extreme sportsd Fencing Crew or rowing 
Field hockey Field events Curling 
Football, tackle     High jump Dance 
Gymnastics     Pole vault Field events 
Ice hockeye Floor hockey     Discus 
Lacrosse Football, flag or touch     Javelin 
Martial artsf Handball     Shot-put 
Rodeo Horseback riding Golf 
Rugby Martial artsf Orienteeringg 
Skiing, downhill Racquetball Power liftingc 
Ski jumping Skating Race walking 
Snowboarding     Ice Riflery 
Soccer     In-line Rope jumping 
Team handball     Roller Running 
Ultimate Frisbee Skiing Sailing 
Water polo     Cross-country Scuba diving 
Wrestling     Water Swimming 
 Skateboarding Table tennis 
 Softball Tennis 
 Squash Track 
 Volleyball  
 Weight lifting  
 Windsurfing or surfing  
a

Adventure racing has been added since the previous statement was published and is defined as a combination of 2 or more disciplines, including orienteering and navigation, cross-country running, mountain biking, paddling, and climbing and rope skills.

b

The American Academy of Pediatrics opposes participation in boxing for children, adolescents, and young adults.

c

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends limiting bodybuilding and power lifting until the adolescent achieves sexual maturity rating 5 (Tanner stage V).

d

Extreme sports has been added since the previous statement was published.

e

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends limiting the amount of body checking allowed for hockey players 15 years and younger, to reduce injuries.

f

Martial arts can be subclassified as judo, jujitsu, karate, kung fu, and tae kwon do; some forms are contact sports and others are limited-contact sports.

g

Orienteering is a race (contest) in which competitors use a map and a compass to find their way through unfamiliar territory.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal