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TABLE 2

Demonstrated Safety and Efficacy of Biofeedback-Based Treatments in a Variety of Childhood Conditions

Biofeedback-Based Treatment TechniqueConditionReference
sEMG and peripheral temperature Migraine, muscle tension, headache Andrasik and Schwartz, 200639; Nestoriuc et al, 200840  
Variety of biofeedback modalities Chronic pain syndromes Eccleston et al, 20028; Palermo et al, 20106  
sEMG pelvic floor biofeedback; anorectal EMG biofeedback; manometric feedback Functional disorders of elimination Culbert and Banez 2007,41 200842; Palsson et al, 200443; Weydert et al, 200344  
Sophisticated multichannel sEMG biofeedback Developmental disabilities and neuromuscular challenges Bolek, 200645; Brütsch et al, 201146; Wang and Reid, 201147
EEG biofeedback (also termed neurofeedback) Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Wang and Reid, 201147; Monastra et al, 20057; Vernon et al, 200448  
Heart rate variability biofeedback Performance anxiety Knox et al, 20115  
Bifrontal sEMG biofeedback Asthma Lehrer et al, 200249  
sEMG biofeedback Various learning disorders Carter and Russell, 198550; Hoy et al 201151  
Specific biofeedback training targeting lowered sympathetic nervous system arousal Sleep disorders Barowsky et al, 199052; Morin et al, 200653  
Biofeedback-Based Treatment TechniqueConditionReference
sEMG and peripheral temperature Migraine, muscle tension, headache Andrasik and Schwartz, 200639; Nestoriuc et al, 200840  
Variety of biofeedback modalities Chronic pain syndromes Eccleston et al, 20028; Palermo et al, 20106  
sEMG pelvic floor biofeedback; anorectal EMG biofeedback; manometric feedback Functional disorders of elimination Culbert and Banez 2007,41 200842; Palsson et al, 200443; Weydert et al, 200344  
Sophisticated multichannel sEMG biofeedback Developmental disabilities and neuromuscular challenges Bolek, 200645; Brütsch et al, 201146; Wang and Reid, 201147
EEG biofeedback (also termed neurofeedback) Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Wang and Reid, 201147; Monastra et al, 20057; Vernon et al, 200448  
Heart rate variability biofeedback Performance anxiety Knox et al, 20115  
Bifrontal sEMG biofeedback Asthma Lehrer et al, 200249  
sEMG biofeedback Various learning disorders Carter and Russell, 198550; Hoy et al 201151  
Specific biofeedback training targeting lowered sympathetic nervous system arousal Sleep disorders Barowsky et al, 199052; Morin et al, 200653  

sEMG, surface electromyography.

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