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TABLE 2

Differences in Consultation Type, Source, Reason, and Referral Pre- and Postpandemic Onset

Before COVID-19 N = 240, n (%)After COVID-19 Emergence N = 295, n (%)P<
New or repeat consult   .48 
 New consults 197 (82) 235 (80)  
 Repeat consults 43 (18) 60 (20)  
Consult type   .001* 
 Face to face 67 (28) 5 (2)  
 Remote 173 (72) 290 (98)  
Consultation source   .23 
 Inpatient 31 (13) 31 (10)  
 Outpatient 47 (20) 48 (16)  
 Primary care 50 (21) 66 (22)  
 Emergency department 42 (18) 57 (19)  
 Community health center 14 (6) 35 (12)  
 Specialty program 22 (9) 20 (7)  
 Other 31 (13) 37 (12)  
Consult reasona    
 Emotional abuse 195 (81) 264 (89) .007* 
 Physical abuse 160 (67) 185 (63) .34 
 Sexual abuse 24 (10) 27 (9) .74 
 Financial concerns 45 (19) 41 (14) .13 
 Housing issues 93 (39) 99 (34) .21 
 Legal advice 114 (48) 143 (48) .82 
 Community violence 1 (<1) 2 (<1) .69 
 Other 22 (9) 21 (7) .38 
Referral typea    
 Psychoeducation 199 (83) 273 (92) .001* 
 Housing 48 (20) 41 (14) .06 
 Emergency shelter 32 (13) 26 (9) .09 
 Restraining order 32 (13) 49 (17) .29 
 Legal referral 54 (22) 66 (22) .97 
 Community resources 111 (46) 95 (32) .001* 
No. of reasons for consult, mean (SD) 2.7 (1.2) 2.6 (1.1) 0.60 
No. of provided referrals, mean (SD) 2.0 (1.4) 1.9 (1.2) 0.32 
Before COVID-19 N = 240, n (%)After COVID-19 Emergence N = 295, n (%)P<
New or repeat consult   .48 
 New consults 197 (82) 235 (80)  
 Repeat consults 43 (18) 60 (20)  
Consult type   .001* 
 Face to face 67 (28) 5 (2)  
 Remote 173 (72) 290 (98)  
Consultation source   .23 
 Inpatient 31 (13) 31 (10)  
 Outpatient 47 (20) 48 (16)  
 Primary care 50 (21) 66 (22)  
 Emergency department 42 (18) 57 (19)  
 Community health center 14 (6) 35 (12)  
 Specialty program 22 (9) 20 (7)  
 Other 31 (13) 37 (12)  
Consult reasona    
 Emotional abuse 195 (81) 264 (89) .007* 
 Physical abuse 160 (67) 185 (63) .34 
 Sexual abuse 24 (10) 27 (9) .74 
 Financial concerns 45 (19) 41 (14) .13 
 Housing issues 93 (39) 99 (34) .21 
 Legal advice 114 (48) 143 (48) .82 
 Community violence 1 (<1) 2 (<1) .69 
 Other 22 (9) 21 (7) .38 
Referral typea    
 Psychoeducation 199 (83) 273 (92) .001* 
 Housing 48 (20) 41 (14) .06 
 Emergency shelter 32 (13) 26 (9) .09 
 Restraining order 32 (13) 49 (17) .29 
 Legal referral 54 (22) 66 (22) .97 
 Community resources 111 (46) 95 (32) .001* 
No. of reasons for consult, mean (SD) 2.7 (1.2) 2.6 (1.1) 0.60 
No. of provided referrals, mean (SD) 2.0 (1.4) 1.9 (1.2) 0.32 
a

Percentages may add up to >100% because consults could have more than 1 reason or referral type.

*

Significant at P < .05.

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