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TABLE 3

Prevalence of Developmental Disabilities in Children Aged 3 to 17 Years by Health Insurance Status and Birth Weight

ConditionHealth Insurance Status, %Birth Weight, %
Private OnlyAny PublicNo Coverage<2500 g≥2500 g
Any developmental disability 13.75 21.82a 13.37b 23.96 16.06c 
ADHD 7.50 11.68a 5.54a,b 10.77 8.68c 
ASD 1.45 2.23a 0.96a,b 2.18 1.73c 
Blind or unable to see at all 0.07 0.28a 0.16 0.52 0.12c 
CP 0.17 0.53a 0.12b 1.65 0.17c 
Moderate to profound hearing loss 0.42 0.94a 0.49b 1.06 0.60c 
LD 5.43 11.12a 6.26a,b 11.58 7.27c 
ID 0.59 1.86a 0.64b 2.23 0.94c 
Seizures, past 12 mo 0.52 1.13a 0.67b 1.61 0.69c 
Stuttered or stammered, past 12 mo 1.22 3.19a 1.52b 3.14 1.93c 
Other developmental delay 3.50 5.84a 2.80a,b 9.23 3.90c 
ConditionHealth Insurance Status, %Birth Weight, %
Private OnlyAny PublicNo Coverage<2500 g≥2500 g
Any developmental disability 13.75 21.82a 13.37b 23.96 16.06c 
ADHD 7.50 11.68a 5.54a,b 10.77 8.68c 
ASD 1.45 2.23a 0.96a,b 2.18 1.73c 
Blind or unable to see at all 0.07 0.28a 0.16 0.52 0.12c 
CP 0.17 0.53a 0.12b 1.65 0.17c 
Moderate to profound hearing loss 0.42 0.94a 0.49b 1.06 0.60c 
LD 5.43 11.12a 6.26a,b 11.58 7.27c 
ID 0.59 1.86a 0.64b 2.23 0.94c 
Seizures, past 12 mo 0.52 1.13a 0.67b 1.61 0.69c 
Stuttered or stammered, past 12 mo 1.22 3.19a 1.52b 3.14 1.93c 
Other developmental delay 3.50 5.84a 2.80a,b 9.23 3.90c 
a

Significantly different from children with only private health insurance (P < .05).

b

Significantly different from children with any public health insurance (P < .05).

c

Significantly different from children with low birth weight (P < .05).

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